地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (5): 588-594.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201405002

• 水文模拟 • 上一篇    下一篇

从实验水文到水文系统模拟——刘昌明先生水文科学思想学习的几点认识

周成虎1, 刘苏峡2, 于静洁2, 宋献方2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-10 修回日期:2014-05-05 出版日期:2014-05-20 发布日期:2014-07-30
  • 作者简介:周成虎,中国科学院院士,中国地理学会常务理事(S110001455M)。E-mail:zhouch@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171307)

From experimental hydrology to hydrological system modeling:Some understandings about the hydrological science studies by Academician Liu Changming

ZHOU Chenghu1, LIU Suxia2, YU Jingjie2, SONG Xianfang2   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-04-10 Revised:2014-05-05 Online:2014-05-20 Published:2014-07-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171307

摘要: 刘昌明院士是国际知名的水文水资源学家,长期倡导和力行水循环、水环境、水生态、水资源和水灾害的研究,将水文学的地球物理、工程和地理方向相结合,提出了水文循环研究的微观与宏观系统观点和方法,发展了较为完善的“五水”转化的理论模式,构建了全新的分布式水文模型系统,并对华北平原的节水农业发展、“南水北调”工程环境效应、缓解黄河断流的对策等国家重大应用问题,提出了系统性的科学观点和有效的决策咨询意见。本文仅从实验水文学、稀缺资料地区水文预测和水文模型三方面,探讨刘昌明院士跨越50 多年的研究工作,从中可以体会出先生研究的系统性思想和不断创新发展的精神。

关键词: 刘昌明院士, 稀缺资料地区水文预测, 水文系统模拟, 实验水文

Abstract: As an internationally renowned expert on hydrology and water resources research, Academician Liu Changming has long been endeavouring to promote the studies on hydrological circle, water environment, water ecology, water resources and water-related hazards. He has sought to integrate the hydrological studies from geophysics, engineering and geography. He also argued that hydrological circle research must be based on the micro and macro-systems. He proposed a theoretical model of five-water transfer, developed a new distributed hydro-informatic modeling systems. His theory and methods in the field of hydrological science have been widely applied in the production practices such as the watersaving agriculture development in the North China Plain, environmental effects evaluation of South-to-North Water Transfer Project, and combating against the Yellow River dry-up. In this paper, the authors tried to understand the systematic hydrological theories and innovations from his studies and research activities over the last 50 years or more in terms of experimental hydrology, prediction in ungauged basins and hydrological models.

Key words: experimental hydrology, hydrological system modeling, Academician Liu Changming, prediction in ungauged basins