地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (3): 391-398.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201403010

• 自然地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

戈壁分类体系与编目研究

冯益明, 吴波, 姚爱冬, 曹晓阳, 丛日春, 姚斌, 王锋, 卢琦   

  1. 中国林业科学研究院荒漠化研究所, 北京100091
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-30 修回日期:2013-11-05 出版日期:2014-03-20 发布日期:2014-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 卢琦(1963- ),男,河南南阳人,博士,研究员,主要从事荒漠化防治与宏观政策研究。E-mail:luqi@caf.ac.cn E-mail:luqi@caf.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:冯益明(1971- ),男,河南商城人,博士,研究员,主要从事景观生态与信息技术研究。E-mail:Fengym@caf.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31370708);中国林业科学研究院重大项目(CAFYBB2011002)

A study on classification system and inventory of gobi

FENG Yiming, WU Bo, YAO Aidong, CAO Xiaoyang, CONG Richun, YAO Bin, WANG Feng, LU Qi   

  1. Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2013-07-30 Revised:2013-11-05 Online:2014-03-20 Published:2014-06-10
  • Supported by:
    NationalNatural Science Foundation of China,No.31370708;Major Program of the Chinese Academy of Forestry,No.CAFYBB2011002

摘要: 建立统一的戈壁分类和编目体系,是进一步深入研究戈壁的理论基础,也是合理开发利用戈壁资源的前提。到目前为止,只有少量文献或著作提到戈壁或戈壁类型,关于戈壁编目的研究更鲜有报道。为了促进戈壁研究的规范化,本文在参照现有戈壁分类基础上,结合戈壁科学考察成果,根据戈壁的形成原因、地表物质组成与植被类型,分三级建立了戈壁分类体系,并对每一级每一类的戈壁特征进行了较为详细的阐述。在戈壁分类基础上,提出戈壁编目设想,以期为进一步深入开展戈壁研究奠定基础。

关键词: 戈壁分类, 戈壁, 戈壁编目

Abstract: Gobi is one of the main landscape types in the arid regions in northwest China. There is an area of about 661 thousand km2 in China, accounting for 6.9% of the total territory, and meanwhile, there are abundant natural resources, such as land resources, biology resources, solar energy resources, wind energy resources, and mineral resources in the gobi region. However, bad natural conditions and sparse population in this region lead to few field investigations, and thus few research documents related to the gobi can be obtained. Establishing a series of unified gobi classification standards and cataloging system are not only the theory basis for conducting further gobi studies, but also the precondition for developing the abundant natural resources in the gobi region reasonably. So far, there are few research documents related to the gobi status, gobi distribution and gobi type classification, and the research documents on the gobi cataloging are even more scarce. In combination with the existing study on the gobi classification system, the result analysis of science exploration for the gobi and the discussion results of expert panels, the gobi classification system with three levels is put forward to promote the standardization of gobi research according to the cause of gobi formation, the material composition of earth's surface and the vegetation characteristics. At the same time, the relevant characteristics of each gobi type at all levels are described in detail. Moreover, some ideas on the gobi cataloging are also presented so as to collect, collate and record the main characteristic data and the related information for each gobi type systematically. It is inferred that these results can promote the standardization of gobi research.

Key words: gobi, gobi inventory, gobi classification system