地理学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (6): 543-550.doi: 10.11821/xb199406008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西汉古黄河三角洲初探

李元芳   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:1994-11-15 发布日期:1994-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE ANCIENT YELLOW RIVER DELTA OF XIHAN DYNASTY

Li Yuanfang   

  1. Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China
  • Online:1994-11-15 Published:1994-11-15

摘要: 根据历史文献、地貌和第四纪地质调查以及卫星影象图等分析,探讨了西汉时期黄河河口位置、三角洲范围及其沉积特征。指出西汉古黄河三角洲的沉积特征与近代黄河三角洲相似,每年进入主河口的泥沙达2.7×l0t左右。

关键词: 西汉时期, 黄河河口, 黄河三角洲, 沉积特征

Abstract: According to the analysis of historical documents, geomorphologic and quaternary investigation,satellite photograph,this paper studies the location,extent and sedimentary characteristics of the estuary of the Yellow River delta during the Xihan Dynasty。The track of the Yellow River along the "Hanzhi" river appeared during the 40’s of the 4th century Before Christ.It flowed through Mengcun,Gaozhai,Jiucheng,then entered the Bohai Bay at the east of Yangerzhuang.As a result of silts deposition and canal swinging,the region of the Yellow River estuary was extended,and a delta with a summit at Mengcun was formed,The boundary of the Ancient Yellow River delta of Xihan Dynasty are from the vicinity of Nandagang at the north,to Fujiazhuang and Liuhongbo at the east,and to Xuanhuihe and Mingbawa at the south.The sedimentary characteristics of the Ancient Yellow River delta of Xihan Dynasty are similar to those of the modern one. There were about 2.7 million tons of silts transported annually into the region during Xihan Dynasty.

Key words: Xihan Dynasty, Yellow River delta, sedimentalcharacteristics