地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (6): 841-852.doi: 10.11821/xb201206011

• 城市与文化政治地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于文化价值观的中国城市居民住房选择——以成都市为例

杨永春, 谭一洺, 黄幸, 刘定惠   

  1. 兰州大学资源环境学院西部环境教育部重点实验室, 兰州730000
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-20 修回日期:2012-02-09 出版日期:2012-06-20 发布日期:2012-08-13
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171143; 40771064); 兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项(lzujbky-2012-k35); 新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-07-0398)

Housing Choice of Urban Residents in China Based on the Transformation of Cultural Values: A Case Study in Chengdu

YANG Yongchun, TAN Yiming, HUANG Xing, LIU Dinghui   

  1. School of Resource and Environmental Science, Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2011-03-20 Revised:2012-02-09 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2012-08-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171143; No.40771064; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.NCET-07-0398& Plan for person with ability of Chinese Ministry of Education in the 21st century, No.NCET-07-0398

摘要: 在城市快速转型与变迁过程中,中国城市居民的住房选择既受限于传统文化价值观长期根深蒂固的影响,又受到西方国家现代文化思潮的不断冲击,从而确立了随时代变迁的多样化的文化价值观体系。基于文化价值观视角,分析了中国城市居民的住房选择模式和机理,初步构建了计划经济体制下和转型期中国城市居民住房选择的理论模型。进而,以成都市为例,采用大规模面对面深度访谈式调查方法获取原始数据,揭示了文化价值观对中国居民住房选择的影响。研究表明:文化价值观一般会通过宏观和微观区位选择观、教育观、抚养和赡养观、婚姻观和养老观等四大途径单独或耦合影响城市居民住房的选择方式和结果,且随着后辈的成长和长辈年龄的增长,代际居住模式呈现出一种中国特有的家庭周期性分异规律。

关键词: 转型期, 文化价值观, 中国城市居民, 住房选择, 成都市

Abstract: In the process of the rapid change and transformation of cities, the housing choice of urban residents is influenced by traditional cultural values and the modern cultural form of western countries, so that there is a new cultural value system with the changing of times and more diversity. Based on cultural values perspective, we analyzed the model and mechanism about settlements and residential choice of Chinese urban residents, and built the conceptualization of theoretical models about settlements and residential choice from residents in Chinese urban areas under the planned economic system as well as in the transitional period. By taking Chengdu as an example, we had access to data of face-to-face interviews and revealed the impact of cultural values in housing choice of urban residents in China. It is concluded that the cultural values can affect the mode and results of urban housing choice in the four angles of the macro- and micro-views of the location choice, educational philosophy, support and maintenance, and marriage, and that with the growth of the younger and the age increasing of the older, the mode of living cross-generational has showed a cyclical characteristic of the family in China.

Key words: transition period, cultural values, Chinese urban residents, residential choice, Chengdu