地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (2): 253-265.doi: 10.11821/xb201202011

• 理论与方法探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

人居环境研究的信息论科学基础及其图谱意象系统

汪洋1,2, 赵万民2   

  1. 1. 重庆师范大学地理与旅游学院GIS应用研究重庆市重点实验室, 重庆 400047;
    2. 重庆大学建筑城规学院, 重庆 400044
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-31 修回日期:2011-10-23 出版日期:2012-02-20 发布日期:2012-04-16
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAH31B06); 国家自然科学基金项目(50738007; 51078363; 51108478;40801077; 41101563); 教育部人文社科基金项目(11YJAZH049)

Information Theory for Human Settlements Research and Its Info-spectrum Images System

WANG Yang1,2, ZHAOWanmin2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Tourism, Key Laboratory of GIS Application, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 400047, China;
    2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
  • Received:2011-05-31 Revised:2011-10-23 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-04-16
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of the National11th Five-Year Research Program of China, No.2008BAH31B06; Project of National Natural Science Foundationof China, No.50738007; No.51078363; No.51108478; No.40801077; No.41101563; Humanities and SocialSciences Foundation of China's Ministry of Education, No.11YJAZH049

摘要: 从人居环境研究的系统性、融贯性内在要求出发,结合信息论、人居环境科学、地学信息图谱及城市意象理论的基本观点,本文对人居环境研究的内容和流程进行了信息论解读;结合城市意象的认识论逻辑,本文提出了基于信息论观点的人居环境意象及人居环境信息图谱意象系统概念,为人居环境研究提供了一种方法论思维模型。本文认为对人居环境研究的信息论解读包含信息本体界定、信息流向界定和信息流内容及其度量方式界定三大论域,可以此为基础派生人居环境信息主体、客体、载体以及正向信息流、反向信息流、信息立方体和人居环境信息熵等概念;论文在全面继承并充分融合人居环境科学及地学信息图谱理论的基础上提出了人居环境信息图谱的基本概念系统,认为人居环境信息图谱是3 大模块(自然环境、社会环境、人工环境)、3 大层次(宏观、中观、微观)、3 种类型(征兆图谱、诊断图谱、实施图谱) 和3 种维度(空间维度、时间维度和时空综合维度) 的融贯综合。该概念系统的提出和实现将会为人居环境研究提供一个数字化的模拟、实验、分析、控制平台。

关键词: 人居环境, 人居环境意象, 信息论, 地学信息图谱, 人居环境信息图谱

Abstract: According to the inner requirements of systemic and integration for human settlements research, this paper interpreted the human settlement study contents and process from the perspective of Information theory on the basis of Information theory, the Sciences of Human Settlement, Geo-Info Spectrum theory and City Image theory. With epistemology logic of the Image of the City theory, it puts forward the concept of "The Images of Human Settlement Environment" and "The Info-spectrum System of Human Settlement Environment", providing methodology cogitation model for human settlement study. This paper thinks the interpretation of human settlement environment research from the perspective of Information theory includes human settlement environment noumenon definition, information flowing direction definition, information flowing circle content and quantity measuring method definition, on the basis of which a series of concepts can be derived, such as human settlement environment information subject, object, and carrier; forward information flowing, backward information flowing; information cubic and human settlement environment information entropy and so on. This paper puts forward a theory of human settlement environment info-spectrum conceptual system with the reference on the Sciences of Human Settlement and Geo-Info Spectrum theory, and believes that Human Settlement Environment Info-Spectrum contains three modules (natural environment module, social environment module, artificial environment module), three spatial scales (macro spatial level, median spatial level, micro spatial level), three types (symptom info-spectrum, diagnosis info-spectrum, implementation info-spectrum) and three dimensions (space info-spectrum, time info-spectrum, space-time info-spectrum), which relate with each other. The establishment and realization of Human Settlements Environment Info-Spectrum conceptual hierarchy provides human settlement research with a digital simulation, experiment, analysis and controlling platform.

Key words: human settlements environment, the images of the human settlements, information theory, geo-info spectrum, human settlements environment info-spectrum