地理学报

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本土化与全球化在村落演化中的响应——深圳老福音村的死与生

朱竑1, 3,  郭春兰1, 2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;2. 香港中文大学地理和资源管理系,香港;
    3. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-26 修回日期:2009-03-15 出版日期:2009-08-20 发布日期:2009-09-21
  • 作者简介:朱竑 (1968-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员 (S110001605m), 主要研究方向为文化地理和旅游地理。E-mail: eeszhh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771067;40601033);; 广东省普通高校人文社会科学研究重点项目(05ZD790008);; 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-07-0889)

Response of Indigenization and Globalization in the Changes of Villages: Contabescence and Renascence of Gospel Villages in Shenzhen

ZHU Hong1, 3,  GUO Chunlan1, 2   

  1. 1. Geography and Planning School of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; China;
    3. Geography School, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2008-10-26 Revised:2009-03-15 Online:2009-08-20 Published:2009-09-21
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771067; No.40601033; The Key Grant of Social Science of Guangdong Universities, No.05ZD790008; The Talent Support Project in New Century of the Ministry of Education, China, No.NCET-07-0889

摘要:

福音村是指基督教传入后在中国乡村地区出现的一种过半村民为基督徒的特殊聚落。深圳的老福音村具有百年基督教会发展史,它们和珠江三角洲其他农村一样,在改革开放后被推进了全球化的浪潮,经历了快速的工业化、城镇化和现代化,生产方式、聚落景观和村民的生活观念等都发生了很大变化。伴随着这些变化,在老福音村中,基督教对本地村民的影响已日渐式微,但在不断进入村内的外来人员中却出现"枯木逢春"的繁荣景象。在本土化与全球化的相互作用中,福音村落发生了诸多变化。研究以深圳市三祝里福音村为个案,通过分析20世纪初以来该村落基督教的动态发展过程,关注全球化在福音村基督教的兴衰浮沉中所扮演的角色,尝试从文化地理学角度剖析全球化背景下福音村如何"老死",又如何获得"重生"的进程,以寻求本土化与全球化在村落演化中的响应。研究的开展是对国内相对薄弱之宗教地理和乡村地理之研究的有益补充和拓展。同时,也对当前形势下我国乡村生活方式的调适和和谐社会组织形式的构建,以及对全球化背景下中国居民开展自由、健康的宗教信仰活动产生积极意义。

关键词: 福音村, 基督教, 全球化, 本土化, 深圳

Abstract:

Gospel village refers to a kind of special settlement with more than half of the Christian villagers. Like the other villages in the Pearl River Delta, the old gospel villages in Shenzhen, China, with a history of the Christian church development over 100 years, have witnessed rapid industrialization, urbanization and modernization since the reform and opening up. Along with this process, mode of production, rural landscape and people's way of life all have undergone great changes. In these gospel villages, Christianity is producing less and less effect on the local villagers, yet it is getting revival among the immigration. Through a case study of Sanzhuli gospel village in Shenzhen, this research analyses the dynamic development process of Christianity in this village--the process of its extinction and renascence and further investigates the role that globalization plays in the development of Christianity. Research into gospel villages will not only help enlarge the knowledge of religious geography and rural geography which are unsubstantially developed in China, but also exert great influence on the adjustment of life style, the organization of harmonious society in rural areas and the promotion of healthy religious activities of citizens.

Key words: gospel village, Christianity, indigenization, globalization, Shenzhen