地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (3): 301-310.doi: 10.11821/xb200803008

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

快速城镇化过程中的中国城镇土地利用特征

刘新卫1, 张定祥2, 陈百明3   

  1. 1. 国土资源部信息中心, 北京100812;
    2. 中国土地勘测规划院, 北京100035;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-11 修回日期:2007-08-29 出版日期:2008-03-25 发布日期:2008-03-25
  • 作者简介:刘新卫(1977-), 男, 博士, 主要从事土地利用战略研究。E-mail: xwliu@infomail.mlr.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(70473102)

Characteristics of China' s Town- level Land Use in Rapid Urbanization Stage

LIU Xinwei1, ZHANG Dingxiang2, CHEN Baiming3   

  1. 1. Infomation Center of MLR, Beijing 100812, China;
    2. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100035, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2007-06-11 Revised:2007-08-29 Online:2008-03-25 Published:2008-03-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.70473102

摘要:

主要利用国土资源部土地利用变更调查数据, 从城镇土地数量、人均城镇土地、城镇 建设占地、城镇内部用地结构和城镇土地空间格局及其时空变化等方面分析了中国城镇化快 速发展阶段的城镇土地利用现状, 并将这一阶段的主要城镇土地利用问题归结为总量失控、 粗放利用、影响宏观经济平稳运行、影响耕地保护和粮食安全、危及社会和谐发展、土地利 用结构失调, 以及生态环境恶化等方面, 最后从合理引导城镇扩张并加强农地保护、优化区 域和城镇内部用地结构布局、多手段节约集约利用城镇土地、统筹协调区域城乡居民点建设 用地, 以及防治并举促进城镇土地生态良性化等角度探讨了城镇化健康发展的用地策略。

关键词: 城镇化, 快速发展阶段, 城镇土地利用, 中国

Abstract:

China is now at a rapid urbanization stage, and various measures are needed including land use regulation to ensure healthy urbanization process. Based on land use change survey data of the Ministry of Land and Resources, this paper analyzes status of town-level land use at the stage of rapid urbanization of China, from aspects of town-level land quantity, town land area per person, land occupied by town construction, land use structure of town, spatial pattern of town-level land, and their spatio-temporal changes. It then identifies major town-level land use problems of this stage as town-level land scale being out of control, extensive land utilization, affected macroscopic economic development, affected cultivated land protection and food security, menaced social harmonious development, misadjusted land use structure, and deteriorated eco-environment. It finally explores scientific land use strategy for healthy urbanization, from the angles of rational guiding town expansion and rigidly reinforcing agriculture land protection, optimizing regional and town-level land use structure and distribution, frugally and intensively utilizing town-level land with various measures, giving overall consideration and coordinating regional urban and rural residential built-up land, and promoting benign town-level land eco-environment through simultaneous adoption of prevention and control measures.

Key words: urbanization, rapid development stage, town-level land use, China