地理学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (s1): 141-148.doi: 10.11821/xb1998s1018

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论沼泽综合分类系统

孙广友   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所,长春130021
  • 收稿日期:1998-06-22 修回日期:1998-11-20 出版日期:1998-12-15 发布日期:1998-12-15
  • 作者简介:孙广友,男,1939年12月出生。1962年毕业于东北师大地理系,同年到中科院长春地理研究所任职,现任研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向为湿地学、地貌学与第四纪环境。发表论文70余篇,合撰专著10部。

A STUDY ON MIRE COMPREHENSIVE CLASSIFICATION

Sun Guangyou   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences Changchun 13001
  • Received:1998-06-22 Revised:1998-11-20 Online:1998-12-15 Published:1998-12-15

摘要: 沼泽是湿地的组成部分。国内外沼泽的综合分类仍在探索中。本文论述了沼泽综合分类的原则、依据和指标,建立了适用全球的沼泽综合分类系统。在此基础上,结合中国实际,拟建了中国沼泽分类体系。

关键词: 沼泽, 综合分类, 中国沼泽综合分类

Abstract: The comprehensive classification system of mire (CCSM) is based on the single element classification of mire, therefore it is a more complex and higher classification of mire. It is possi-ble to generalize the formation environment and growing process, ecosystem structure and land-scap feature. But for a past long time, a estabilished CCSM has not been found in the world yet. There is not any comprehensive classification system of China which is accepted widely.The principle and mark of CCSM was researched in the paper and found a new CCSM suit-ing the world mire with four grades : the first system is divided into fresh water mire and salt-al-kali mire, the dividing marks are volume of salt of soil, if 0.1 or pH>7.5, the mire belongs to salt-alkaline mire. The sec-ond type is divided into peat mire and gleization mire. The third class is divided into woody mire, grass mire, moss and algae. The fourth bodies is divided into little plant landscap of mire, The mark is superiority plant of mire.Based on the CCSM, we found a classification system of mire of China, including two sys-tems of mire, four types of mire, thirteen classes of mire and 98 bodies of mire.

Key words: mire, comprehensive classification, system of mire comprehensive classi-fication of China

中图分类号: 

  • X171