地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (3): 318-328.doi: 10.11821/xb200003008
• 论文 •
王智勇, 王劲峰, 于静洁, 刘昌明
WANG Zhi yong, WANG Jin feng, YU Jing jie, LIU Chang ming
摘要： 从经济学的角度给出了利用统计资料计算工农业用水边际效益的方法。并以保定地区为例,详细阐述实际运算过程中的数据处理、转换等方法,计算出河北省 7个平原地区的工农业用水边际效益值,并讨论边际效益在水资源分配中确定合理供水量的作用。
Abstract: This paper gives the method for computing the marginal revenue of water in industrial sector and agricultural sector and illustrated the process of data treatment taking Baoding district as an example. Before calculating the marginal revenue of water, a lot of work has to be done to make the production conditions comparable. For the sake of data restriction, we take the fixed capital as the primary consideration while calculating the marginal revenue of water in industrial sector. The fixed capital always coordinates with a certain amount of floating capital. Thus, to some extent, change in fixed capital stands for the total capital amount in work. We also consider the elasticities of output to capital and to labor respectively, which we calculate as the weight in computation. We assume the elasticity of output to capital equals to 0 91, while 0 1 as the elasticity of output to labor. Therefore, the weight of each calculation is around 1 09, which equals to the reciprocal of elasticity of output to labor. While in calculation, we use the following formula: MR=Y i+t ∏tk=1g i+k ·w t-Y iX i+t -X i where Y is the total output in industrial sector, X is the water amount used in industrial sector, g is the growth rate of fixed capital investment and the w means the weight got from elasticity output to capital and to labor. We assume that there is no delay in capital investment, which means all the investment will be in force right after the plan is fulfilled. Actually, if data is available, we should consider the time lag of investment. As referring to the calculation of marginal revenue of water in agriculture, we use similar means to compute. Taking the agricultural sector as a whole, we consider the total mechanic force as the fixed capital in agriculture, which measures the primary agricultural devices. Besides, we consider the natural disasters that affect the output in agriculture. There also exist the elasticities of output to capital and to labor. Thus we have the weight to reflect the elasticities and natural disasters. Using the similar way, we can also calculate the aggregated marginal revenue of water both in industrial and agricultural sector. The conclusion of our computation and analysis is that the marginal revenue of water is diminishing, regardless the sectors that use water. In general, industrial sector has the higher value of marginal revenue of water than agricultural sector. Different districts have different average marginal revenues of water due to differences in capital amount.
water use for industrial and agricultural sectors,
marginal revenues of water,
王智勇, 王劲峰, 于静洁, 刘昌明. 河北省平原地区水资源利用的边际效益分析[J]. 地理学报, 2000, 67(3): 318-328.
WANG Zhi yong, WANG Jin feng, YU Jing jie, LIU Chang ming . Analysis on Marginal Revenues of Water in Hebei Province[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000, 67(3): 318-328.
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