地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (S1): 150-156.doi: 10.11821/xb2000S1022

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

气候异常对重大工程影响的对策研究

孙冷, 黄朝迎   

  1. 国家气候中心,北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2000-07-03 修回日期:2000-09-20 出版日期:2000-12-15 发布日期:2000-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家“九五”重中之重项目(96-908-03-03-1)

Strategies against Impacts of Abnormal Climate on Key Project

SUN Leng HUANG Chao-ying   

  1. National Climate Center, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2000-07-03 Revised:2000-09-20 Online:2000-12-15 Published:2000-12-15
  • Supported by:
    The National Key Project of the Ninth Five Year Plan, No.96-908-03-03-1

摘要: 由于我国幅员辽阔,气候和地理、地质条件复杂,区域气候差异很大,使许多重大工程所处自然环境十分脆弱,面临气候异常的严重威胁。一是气候异常对重大工程的影响;二是重大工程气象保障的途径与对策。分为3个步骤:首先是气候异常影响因素的分析;其次是分析气候异常对工程不同阶段的影响,并给出其研究内容;最后,针对气候异常的影响从管理和技术两方面提出对策措施。

关键词: 气候异常, 重大工程, 对策措施

Abstract: The impacts of unusual climate on key project and their strategies are studied in this paper. Main conclusions are as follows: Abnormal climate, with occurrence in the form of climate disasters or extreme climate events, is threatening the key project. However, the climate disasters with the features of many kinds, high frequency, regional and seasonal distribution, widespread area affected and large economic losses impact on key project in varied scope and extent. It is an effective way to study the impacts of abnormal climate on key project by establishing the meteorological preparedness system. Five aspect contents need to be studied, including the research on impacts of abnormal climate on key project in the stage of designing, construction and operation, and the research on measurements and integrated assessment of the impacts. Measurements and strategies are also one of the important division of climate change sciences. Finally, Administrative strategies in & aspects such as legislation, education and service are given. And technological strategies directly against each stage of key project are probed in this research.

Key words: abnormal climate, key project, strategies and measurements

中图分类号: 

  • P429