地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (6): 649-656.doi: 10.11821/xb200106003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

三峡库区退耕坡地环境移民压力研究

王黎明, 杨燕风, 关庆锋   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-01 修回日期:2001-09-03 出版日期:2001-11-15 发布日期:2001-11-25
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新项目(CXIOG-B00-04);中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX2-307-5)

Environmental Emigration Stress of Slope Farmland in the Three Gorges Area

WANG Li-ming, YANG Yan-feng, Guan Qing-feng   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-06-01 Revised:2001-09-03 Online:2001-11-15 Published:2001-11-25
  • Supported by:
    Knowledge-Innovation Project of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of the ChineseAcademy of Science, No. CXIOG-B00-04; the Knowledge-Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. KZCX2-307-5

摘要: 坡耕地退耕还林还草作为生态环境建设的重要措施正在三峡库区逐步实施。然而,坡耕地退耕将减少退耕地区的耕地数量,特别是坡耕地集中分布的区域,从而引发环境移民问题。利用GIS技术建立了基于GRID的坡耕地退耕压力指数模型及环境移民模型,并对三峡库区坡耕地退耕引发的潜在环境移民的数量进行模拟。模拟结果表明三峡库区坡耕地退耕引发的潜在环境移民数量较大。在退耕压力指数为40%时潜在环境移民数量高达89万人,相当于三峡水库淹没需要安置的水库移民数量。环境移民压力是该地区生态环境建设面临的一大难题。

关键词: 环境移民, 坡耕地, 退耕, 模拟

Abstract: As a fundamental measure of eco-environmental restoration, the process of returning slope farmland to woodland and grassland is being conducted in the reservoir area of Three Gorges Dam gradually. However, de-farming of slope farmland will reduce the amount of farmland in the de-farming area, this is especially true in areas with concentrated slope farmland. The people who de-farm their farmland can obtain enough farmland again in two main ways: some of them can gain enough farmland by adjustment of farmland with those in the same village, the others can not gain enough in local area and have to emigrate to other places. The latter can be called environment emigrants or ecology emigrants. In the research, we set up a de-farming stress index model and an environmental emigration model using GIS based on GRID data structure, and simulate the latent amount of environmental emigration caused by dc-farming of slope farmland in the reservoir area. The simulation indicates that the latent emigration amount caused by de-farming is quite large. When the de-farming stress index reaches 40%, the amount is as large as 890 000, which is equivalent to the allocated amount of the emigtants around the reservoir caused by the submergence of the Three Gorges reservoir area. So it should be considered as a big problem in the eco-environmental resteration in this area. To resolve the emigration stress, some suggestions are put up in this research: Firstly, the emigration plan should be included in the de-farming plan. For the successes of the experience, some financial support policies are attempted. But the effects are limited. As the dc-farming experiences are conducted in wider regions, the financial support will become a heavy burden. So emigration is the fundamental countermeasures to reduce population stress in slope farmland. Secondly, besides the Three Gorges reservoir area, other provinces especially those located in the lower reaches of Yangtze river should adapt part of the environment emigration . Those provinces such as Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi benefit from the ecological effects of the de-farming project.

Key words: environmental emigration, slope farmlan, dc-farming, simulation

中图分类号: 

  • F323.2