地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (S1): 21-28.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西北地区主要国际河流水资源特征与可持续发展

汤奇成,李丽娟   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1998-09-15 修回日期:1999-04-05 出版日期:1999-12-15 发布日期:1999-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631020)

WATER RESOURCES CHARACTERISTICS AND THESUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MAIN INTERNATIONAL RIVERS IN NORTHWEST CHINA

Tang Qicheng, Li Lijuan   

  1. Institute of Geography,CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-09-15 Revised:1999-04-05 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the Naitional Natural Science Foundation of China.No.4931020

摘要: 西北地区国际河流众多,但主要有3个流域,即:额尔齐斯河、伊犁河及阿克苏河。它们都位于新疆境内,水资源的共同特征是:水资源丰沛、河川径流补给多样化、径流年际变化Cv值小而年内变化大。根据3个流域的水资源情况及自然经济情况,额尔齐斯河应以发展畜牧业为主导产业;伊犁河流域建成新疆乃至全国的畜产品基地、商品粮基地,形成以毛、麻纺织、皮草加工等为主的工业体系。阿克苏河流域要发挥自身优势,建设棉花(特别是长绒棉)、粮食(特别是优质水稻)基地,此外,为实现可持续发展战略,必须重视生态环境,要从总水资源中划出生态环境用水,建立人工绿洲生态经济系统。

关键词: 国际河流, 水资源, 可持续发展, 西北地区

Abstract: There are many international rivers in northwest China, but main rivers are three; Ertis River, Di Riverand Akesu River. All of them are located in Xinjiang. Their common characteristics of water resources arerich of water, high diversity of river recharge, annual runoff with low Cv between years but varied greatly ina year. Based on its water resources, natural and economic conditions of the region, Ertis River should devel-op livestock husbandry as a main estate. Livestock, commercial grain products base shold be esthblished inDi River basin for Xinjiang and whole China, to form an industrial system of fabrics of wool and flax, leatherprocessing. In Akesu River, superiority should be given to establish cotton (special for plush cotton), food(special for high quality rice) base. Meanwhile, for sustainable development, people should pay great atten-tion to balanced ecological system and scial ?economic development. For this purpose, part of water re-sources should be served for ecological use and to build an artificial oasis economical system in the region.

Key words: intemational river, water resources, sustainable development

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.2