地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (6): 514-520.doi: 10.11821/xb199506005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

宁夏扶贫工程与引黄灌区开发中的吊庄移民

陈忠祥   

  1. 宁夏大学地理系, 银川 750021
  • 收稿日期:1994-12-01 修回日期:1995-06-01 出版日期:1995-11-15 发布日期:1995-11-15

A STUDY ON THE "DIAO ZHUANG" VILLAGES IN THE NEW IRRIGATED AREAS IN NINGXIA

Chen Zhongxiang   

  1. Department of Geography. Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021
  • Received:1994-12-01 Revised:1995-06-01 Online:1995-11-15 Published:1995-11-15

摘要: 宁夏回族自治区针对南部山区的巨大扶贫工程和北部引黄新灌区的开发,实施了吊庄移民的新举措。1983—1992年,先后创建20多处吊在基地,开发土地5.4×10ha,将南部20余万山区农民有组织地迁移到北部新灌区的吊在安家。本文就吊庄移民的理论基础、主体特点和制约因素进行了概要的分析讨论。

关键词: 吊庄移民, 引黄灌区, 扶贫工程, 宁夏

Abstract: The original "Diao Zhuang" village was a traditional temporery dwelling place in the hilly area. Because of a low population density and special natural conditions , some pieces of the farming lands were far away from farmer’s homes, so simple dwellings were built near these lands. The simple dwellings . which were called "Diao Zhuang" village. were usually straw sheds or small caves. They were only temporarily used during the planting and harvesting seasons. The new "Diao Zhuang" villages are real villages. They are newly built houses in the nearly developed irrigated areas for the migrants mainly from the poor hilly areas. At the beginning . in the first two or three years. the new houses are used seasonally like the old "Diao Zhang"villages.After three years. the migrants will settle down in the new homeland . Today, the "Diao Zhuang" village has developed a new meaning:a newly established residential area in a newly developed irrigated area for the migrants from other places. In the article "Diao Zhuang" village is used to describe a model of regional development and population relocation. To solve poverty problems in the Southern hilly areas and to develop the Northern irrigated areas, Ningxia Autouomous Region successfully develops the model of "Diao Zhuang" villages for immigrants. From 1983 to 1992, more than 20 :Diao Zhuang" villages were built, more than 200 000 people were moved from the overpopulated Southern hilly areas to the Northern newly irrigated areas. This is a great achievement in the history of population relocation and regional development .This paper discusses its theoretical foundation, main specialities, and restristive factors.

Key words: "Diao Zhuang" village for immigrants, Ningxie

中图分类号: 

  • F323.4