地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (s1): 105-111.doi: 10.11821/xb1995S1012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

GIS在景观生态学研究中的应用

刘海燕   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1995-08-01 修回日期:1995-11-01 出版日期:1995-12-15 发布日期:1995-12-15

APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM TO STUDIES OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

Liu Haiyan   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1995-08-01 Revised:1995-11-01 Online:1995-12-15 Published:1995-12-15

摘要: 本文在简要介绍地理信息系统(GIS)与景观生态学基础理论的基础上,分析了GIS在景观生态学,尤其是在景观空间格局分析与景观时空变化分析与模拟方面的应用,指出GIS在这两方面应用中应注意到的几个问题,即,时空尺度的选择、景观信息机理的研究、小区域研究、专业模型与通用GIS接口问题及点值数据到面数据的外推问题。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 景观生态学, 景观格局, 景观变化模型

Abstract: In the paper, the author makes a brief introduction to Geographical Information System and basic theories of landscape ecology at first, then makes an analysis on the application of Geographical Information System in studies of landscape ecology, especially in respects of analysis of landscape patterns and landscape change modeling. In the end the author suggests some points worth noticing,(1) proper choice of spatialtemporal scale,(2) studies of landscape information,(3) small area researches, (4) interface problem of landscape models and general GIS, and (5) data extroplation from point to area.

Key words: Geographical Information System, landscape ecology landscape pattern, landscape change model

中图分类号: 

  • P90