地理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 16-25.doi: 10.11821/xb199101003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国空间运输联系的实验研究———以货流为例

金凤君   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,国家计委地理研究所,北京
  • 出版日期:1991-01-15 发布日期:1991-01-15
  • 基金资助:

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH ON SPATIAL TRANSPORTATION LINKAGE IN CHINA

Jin Fengjun   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
  • Online:1991-01-15 Published:1991-01-15

摘要: 本文从实证分析入手,探讨了影响我国空间运输联系的因素和各种运输方式在空间运输联系中的作用;系统分析了省级区域以实物交流形成的外在依存关系和彼此间关联关系、大区向货运联系的特征和发展趋势;提出了首位联系的概念并用其分析了省级区域运输联系的空间组合特征,验证了传统经济协作区的存在基础和内外联系特征。

关键词: 空间运输联系, 空间差异, 空间依存与竞争, 输入与输出, 首位联系

Abstract: It is very .significant to reveal spatial interaction laws in the research of spatial trans-portation linkage. In this paper, the following subjects are discussed deeply: (1) Essential fac-torn of spatial transportation linkage. They could be summed up into five kinds: a. Com-munication passageway; h. Spatial differentiation, Including natural and economic differentia-lions; c. Spatial interdependence and competition; d. Location; e. Regional policies. (2). Goods export and import of provincial region. The results of analysis would reveal the external de-pendence of provincial region that was led by goods exchange. In export and import,, there are obvious spatial setup and great disparity in .,tale. The areal coefficient of centralization are very different. (3). Interregional transportation linkage. A complex interaction network was made up by interprovincial transportation linkage;. In the network, most of the linkages are weak, and its main part is determined by 33 linkages that their goods exchange accounts for 46 percent of the total. The macroregional transportation linkage indicates that the goods exchange among six coordinate economic regions arc very different. Its development tend is significant for the allocation of economy and communication. In addition, the conception of "Primary linkage" is defined and used to test and verify the existing foundation of economic regions.

Key words: Spatial Transportation Linkage, Spatial Differentiation, Spatial Interdepen-derice and Competition, Export and Import, Primary Linkage