地理学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 205-213.doi: 10.11821/xb198902009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

衡山自然保护区森林土壤中动物群落研究

王振中, 张友梅   

  1. 湖南师范大学地理系,湖南师范大学地理系,长沙
  • 收稿日期:1987-12-01 出版日期:1989-04-15 发布日期:1989-04-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

A STUDY ON FOREST SOIL INVERTEBRATES OF THE NATURAL PROTECTION AREA IN HENGSHAN MOUNTAINS (NANYUE)

Wang Zhenzhong, Zhang Youmei   

  1. Department of Geography, Hunan Normal University, Changsha
  • Received:1987-12-01 Online:1989-04-15 Published:1989-04-15

摘要: 作者通过一年的定位实验研究,初步阐明了衡山自然保护区森林土壤中动物群落的基本状况。共获得土壤动物30类,隶属于4门11纲,其中弹尾类、蝉螨类和线虫类为优势类群,占全部土壤动物捕获量的92.88%;平均土壤动物密度为67.27万个/m3;地带性常绿林下发育的黄棕壤中土壤动物密度高达100.47万个/m3,其次为针阔混交林和针叶林;土壤动物主要分布于森林凋落物层和土壤的腐殖质层中,向下急剧减少;在山地土壤垂直带上,土壤动物随海拔高度而变化。

关键词: 衡山, 土壤无脊椎动物, 生物群落, 土壤污染, 土壤剖面

Abstract: The Hengshan Mountain is located in the central subtropical zone with a monsoon climate.Here it is warm and humid, with dense forests. In the forest soil profile, there are many sortsof invertebrates, including 30 genera,:10 classes and 4 phyla. In evergreen broadleaf woods,the density (ten thousand/m3) of soil invertebrates is the greatest, followed by that of coniferwoods and that of bushgrass. Among soil invertebrates found in the area, acarina, collembolaand nematoda are dominant, these three account For 92.88% of the total soil invertebrates col-lected.

Key words: Hengshan Mountain, Soil invertebrate, Biotic community, Soil pollution, Soil profile