地理学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (2): 117-127.doi: 10.11821/xb199402003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

上海城市游憩者流动行为研究

吴必虎   

  1. 华东师范大学旅游学系
  • 收稿日期:1993-03-01 修回日期:1993-08-01 出版日期:1994-03-15 发布日期:1994-03-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助

A RESEARCH ON URBAN RECREATIONIST’S TRAVELING BEHAVIOUR IN SHANGHAI

Wu Bihu   

  1. Department of Tourismology, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062
  • Received:1993-03-01 Revised:1993-08-01 Online:1994-03-15 Published:1994-03-15

摘要: 由参与游憩活动的本地居民和外来游客共同构成城市游憩者。城市游憩者在空间上的流动规律将影响城市游憩设施和旅游资源的开发管理。通过旅行测定手段获得基本数据,运用游憩活动空间和使用曲线分析技术,研究上海城市游憩者的流动规律。

关键词: 游憩者, 流动行为, 游憩活动空间, 使用曲线, 上海

Abstract: Recreationists consist of those who have used urban recreational facilities, no matter local residents or not.Traveling Models will bring impacts not only on the use of urban recreational facilities but also on the development and management of recreational resources. Taking Shanghai as a sample of destination and origin of urban recreationists, the author did his study based on a lot of data from comprehensive travel measurement and users’ survey, which includes field questinaire survey, mailing questionnaire survey, home survey, and cordon monitoring. To analyze the traveling models of urban recreationists in Shanghai,the author used techniques of the RAS (Recreational Activity Space)and the UC (Use Curve) Analysis. Regarding Shanghai as an origin, the author first discussed types and natures of the RASs which are presented by isotourist lines in the proper and outskirts of Shanghai, the Yangtze delta and the mainland China respectively. These RASs reflect the travel directional bias of Shanghainese. Then the author regarded Shanghai as a destination and analyzed the RASs of tourists from other provinces,which demonstractes the attractiveness of and distance decay to Shanghai.The UC technique describes number changes of recreational facility users (or recreational opportunities) with a spatial or chronical element.These curves may express spatial distance decays and chronical rhythms of urban recreationists. The author found that a U-shaped model existed in the distance decay under the influences of attractivenesses and distances.In a chronical use curve, the daily models are impacted mainly by life-rhythm and the monthly models by seasons. Finally.the auther suggested. distance, emissiveness, attractiveness and availability are the basic mechanisms which affect the urban recreationists’, traveling models in a city, such as Shanghai. 

Key words: Recreationist, Traveling Behaviour, Recreational Activity Space, Use Curve.Shanghai