地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 201-210.doi: 10.11821/xb198703002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

地域分工与区位优势

杨吾扬1, 梁进社2   

  1. 1. 北京大学地理系
    ;北京师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-07-15 发布日期:1987-07-15

THEORIES OF TERRITORIAL DIVISION AND LOCATIONAL SUPERIORITIES

Yang Wuyang1, Liang Jinshe2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, Peking University;
    2. Department of Geography, Beijing Normal university
  • Online:1987-07-15 Published:1987-07-15

摘要: 地域分工和区位优势之间存在着内在的关联,它形成了区域开发或城市规划工作必须遵循的依据。本文由三部分组成。首先,对从亚当·斯密和大卫·李嘉图到俄林和巴朗斯基的地域分工学说作了历史性回顾;然后,提出了区域和城镇区位优势表现的完整体系,包括以下四对即有形和无形优势、绝对和相对优势、局部和全局优势以及空间和时间优势;文章结尾探讨了地域分异的外在因素和内在机制问题。

关键词: 地域分工, 区位优势, 绝对利益, 比较利益, 相对价格, 内在机制, 外在因素

Abstract: There exists an inherent relationship between territorial division and superiority. The former is the objective scheme and the latter-motive Cause from human being. To define loc-ational superiorities of a region or a city, we must, first of all, determine its economic status in a specific area.

Key words: Territorial division, Locational superiority, Absolute advantage, Comparative advantage, Relative price, Inherent mechanism, External factor