地理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (1): 51-58.doi: 10.11821/xb198601006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于西藏南迦巴瓦峰地区垂直自然带的若干问题

彭补拙   

  1. 南京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1986-01-15 发布日期:1986-01-15

SOME PROBLEMS OF VERTICAL ZONATION IN MT.NAMIAGBARWA AREA

Peng Buzhuo   

  1. Department of Geography, Nanjing University
  • Online:1986-01-15 Published:1986-01-15

摘要: 南迦巴瓦峰(以下简称南峰)是喜马拉雅山脉东端的最高峰,海拔7782米,矗立在雅鲁藏布江大拐湾的内侧。山高谷深,极为壮观,具有相当完整的垂直自然带谱,确是研究山地自然地理问题的良好场所。

关键词: 垂直自然带谱, 山地垂直自然带, 南迦巴瓦峰地区, 暗针叶林, 易贡, 寒温带, 东喜马拉雅, 西藏, 帕隆藏布河谷, 均温

Abstract: Mt. Namjagbarwa, 7782 m above sea level, is situated at the southeastern Xizang Autonomous Region and the eastern tip of the Himalaya Range. Some problems of vertical zonation in this area have been discussed, in this paper, as follows:1. Based on the characteristics of the natural landscape, the basic belt of vertical zones on the southern slqpe is characterized by quasi-tropical monsoon rainforest yellowish lateritic red earth.2. According to the vertical speetra of the Mt. Namjagbarwa area the landscape there might be grouped into types, i.e. (1) quasi-tropical monsoon rainforest yellowish lateritic red earth; (2) mountain subtropical broad leaved evergreen forest mountain yellow earth; (3) mountain quasi-subtropical semi-evergreen broad leaved forest mountain yellow brown earth; (4) the mixed forest of mountain warm-temperate coniferous leaf and broad leaf mountain brown earth; (5) mountain frigid-temperate dark coniferous forest mountain alpine podzol.3. The influences of moisture passageway along the Yarlungzangbo Jiang river, ice and snow cover, the inversion of temperature on vertical natural zones are also described.