地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 97-105.doi: 10.11821/xb198702001

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国区域开发的宏观战略

陆大道   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-04-15 发布日期:1987-04-15

THE MACROSTRATEGY OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA

Lu Dadao   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1987-04-15 Published:1987-04-15

摘要: 根据我国国土开发和经济发展水平的地域差异,在本世纪内及下世纪初年应当实行重点开发战略,按“点-轴渐进扩散”模式实行由不平衡到相对平衡的区域发展。实施这一战略,要求确定重点开发轴线,沿轴线建设密集产业带和建立横向联系的经济区。其中,沿海与沿长江两个一级轴线构成我国国土开发和经济建设“r”字形宏观格局。

关键词: 区域开发, 宏观战略, 经济区

Abstract: In China there exists enormous regional differences in territorial exploitation and economic development. We have two regional developing macrostratogies to chose from: stressed (focal point) exploitation and balanced development. On the basis of Chinese and foriegn practices and theories of regional development, the author points out, China should adopt the strategy of stressed exploitation. That is, Chinese regional economic development ought to follow the model of sequenced diffusion in the way of point-axis to realize relative balance. In order to strengthen the ties between the Eastern and Western China and put the strategy into practice. We must set up prior industrial zones throughout the country. This is possible especiully along the coast and the Chang Jiang (yangtze) River, both of which are first class axises and there by can form an economic macro-pattern in the shape of a "T". Besides, the economic zones should widely establish their horitontal relations among themselves as well.

Key words: Regional exploitation, Macrostrategy, Economic region