地理学报 ›› 1979, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (2): 85-103.doi: 10.11821/xb197902001

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国克山病的地理流行病学规律

《地理学报》   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所化学地理研究室环境与地方病组
  • 出版日期:1979-04-15 发布日期:1979-04-15

THE KESHAN DISEASE IN CHINA: A STUDY OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY

  1. The Group of Environment and Endemic Disease, Division of Chemical Geography, Institute of Geography, Academica Sinica
  • Online:1979-04-15 Published:1979-04-15

摘要: 1967年我们开始了克山病的环境工作,但主要工作直到1969年才真正开展起来。在这期间我们先后到过九个病区省和部分非病区省的百余个县进行病情、环境调查和样品采集。

关键词: 克山病, 褐土, 地理流行病学, 紫色土, 暗棕壤, 克山病区, 自然环境, 自然地理环境, 温带, 地方病

Abstract: The so-called Keshan disease is an endemic myocardosis. It was first identified in 1935 in Keshan county, Heilongjiang province, yet, up to date, the cause for this disease has not yet been well known. This paper tries to elucidate the geographical distribution and other basic epidemiological Characteristics of the disease from geogra-phical point of view, with a view to providing a geoscientific background for checking and curing the disease according to specific local conditions.First part describes the geograpical distribution and the basic epidemiologieal characteristics of the disease in our country.Second part analyses the relationship between the Keshan disease and its physical geographical environment. By means of integrated analysis of the geographical ele-ments we find that the disease and its physical environment is very closely related. The Kechan disease is mainly distributed in and near the temperate (or warm temperate) brown and cinnamon soils regions. It forms a wide belt running from the North-East to the South-West in our country. While the typical steppe-desert region to the north-west and the typical yellow-red Soils regions to the South-Bast are disease-free.Finally, two types of physical environment are identified: that with the Keshan disease and that without it. The former contains four environmental series, while the latter six environmental series. An analysis of the pathogeny for keshan disease is also made according to the physical environmental characteristics by districts. It shows that the pathogeny is related to the chemical geographical environment, and that se-lenium might be an important factor in the Keshan disease.