地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (8): 1101-1110.doi: 10.11821/xb201108009

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖北省区域发展的空间结构与空间意象

龚胜生, 周军, 张涛   

  1. 华中师范大学可持续发展研究中心,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-17 修回日期:2011-04-26 出版日期:2011-08-20 发布日期:2011-09-22
  • 作者简介:龚胜生(1965-), 男, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110001186M), 主要从事人文地理、区域可持续发展、历史医学地理学研究。E-mail: shshgong@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471036); 湖北省社科基金项目(2010058)

The Spatial Structure and Mental Image of Regional Development in Hubei Province

GONG Shengsheng, ZHOU Jun, ZHANG Tao   

  1. Research Institute of Sustainable Development, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2010-09-17 Revised:2011-04-26 Online:2011-08-20 Published:2011-09-22
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471036; Social Science Foundation of Hubei Province, No.2010058

摘要: 湖北省是中国中部崛起的重要支点,但其支点作用的发挥有赖于其空间结构的战略性选择。经济地理学理论分析表明:联结武汉、宜昌、襄阳、荆门、十堰、恩施5 个极核城市所构成的“A型点轴结构”是湖北省区域发展的最佳空间结构。空间数据分析证明:“A型点轴结构”的轴线沿线是湖北经济社会发展的精华地带,“A型点轴结构”中极核城市之间的梯度差异反映了整个湖北东、中、西部的地区差异。应用“A型点轴结构”来统筹湖北未来的区域发展,其空间意象具有鲜明的“星座”、“脊梁”、“巨梯”和“飞箭”特征。

关键词: A型点轴结构, 空间结构, 区域发展, 城市星座体系, 空间意象

Abstract: Hubei province is an important fulcrum for the rise of Central China, but the play of fulcrum role depends on the strategic choice of its spatial structure. Applying the growth pole theory, point axis system theory, grade development theory and city constellation theory, we analyzed the spatial structure of Hubei province, and the research indicates that, the A-shaped point-axis spatial frame, which connects five polar cities of Wuhan, Yichang, Xiangyang, Jingmen and Yichang and takes the line of Wuhan-Xiangyang-Shiyan as its upper axis, Wuhan-Yichang-Enshi as its lower axis, and Xiangyang-Jingmen-Yichang as its vertical axis, is the best spatial structure for the regional development in this province. Using statistical data, we analyzed the major economic and social total quantity and density indicators in Hubei in 2008, and found that, regions along the "A-shaped point-axis structure" are the essence of social and economic development in Hubei, and the gradient variations between polar cities along "A-shaped point-axis structure" reflect the variations among the eastern, central and western parts of Hubei. Using "A-shaped point-axis structure" to coordinate the regional development in Hubei in the future, the static spatial mental image is "A-shaped frame, Hubei's constellation" and "A-shaped frame, Hubei's backbone"; the dynamic spatial mental image is "ladder extending west, gradient advancing"; the overall spatial mental image is "three wheels driving, one arrow taking off".

Key words: A-shaped point-axis structure, spatial structure, regional development, city constellation system, spatial mental image, Hubei Province