地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (12): 1522-1533.doi: 10.11821/xb201012008

• 物流与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆公路交通基础设施建设对经济增长的贡献分析

王伯礼1,2, 张小雷1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-26 修回日期:2010-06-15 出版日期:2010-12-20 发布日期:2010-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 张小雷(1963-), 男, 陕西华县人, 博士生导师, 研究员, 主要从事城市地理研究。E-mail: zhangxl@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王伯礼(1969-), 男, 甘肃武威人, 博士研究生, 主要从事交通地理与区域发展研究。E-mail: wangboli1122@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40601032); 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划项目(2006378)

The Contribution of Highway Traffic Infrastructure Construction to Economic Growth in Xinjiang Based on I-O and ESDA

WANG Boli1,2, ZHANG Xiaolei1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-03-26 Revised:2010-06-15 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2010-12-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40601032; CASWestern Light Program, No.2006378

摘要: 投入产出分析与ESDA结合可能对拓宽投入产出分析的发展领域具有重要意义。试将投入产出分析与ESDA相结合,就1997-2008 年新疆公路交通基础设施建设(以下简称新疆交通建设) 对经济增长的贡献进行分析,主要结论为:① 新疆交通建设促进经济增长的机理主要在于:以相对较小的劳动力消耗实现较大的后向波及部门商品价值转移,并由此产生更大比重的前向波及作用、消费波及作用,乘数效应是新疆交通建设促进经济增长、拉动内需的重要枢纽;② 在新疆区域经济极化—扩散过程的大背景下、大尺度中,各地州市域交通建设对经济增长贡献空间相关性逐步增强,呈明显的扩散效应,各地州市域交通建设经济贡献率呈空间正相关性,空间上的反极化效应显著;③ 新疆交通建设对经济增长贡献既满足了中心区域的极化需要,也通过三级垂直波及作用模式的横向扩散促进了外围区域经济社会发展,使外围区域各族群众通过直接或间接参与交通建设活动而首先分享到了改革与发展的部分成果。研究表明,将投入产出分析与ESDA相结合,对初步揭示交通建设促进经济增长的作用机理及空间分异、空间相互作用具有一定作用。

关键词: 投入产出分析, 探索性空间数据分析, 交通基础设施建设, 经济增长, 新疆

Abstract: Combination of I-O with ESDA is of possibly important significance for expanding the I-O development field. A case study is carried out on the contribution of highway traffic infrastructure construction to economic growth in Xinjiang of China during the period from 1997 to 2008 using I-O and ESDA. The conclusions are drawn as follows. (1) The mechanism of highway traffic building industry in promoting economic growth in Xinjiang was mainly to achieve a significant value transfer of related goods of backward spreading effect industries with relatively low labor consumption, thus the forward spreading effect and consumption wave effect with higher proportions emerged, and the multiplier effect was an important pivot of highway traffic building industry in promoting economic growth in Xinjiang. (2) Based on contributions of highway traffic construction to economic growth, spatial correlation was gradually increased and diffusion effect was significant between all the prefectures, autonomous prefectures and cities of Xinjiang. Meanwhile, based on contribution rates of highway traffic construction to economic growth, there was a spatial positive correlation between all the prefectures, autonomous prefectures and cities of Xinjiang, and contra-polarization effect was also significant. (3) Contribution of highway traffic infrastructure construction to economic growth could not only meet the polarization demand in the central areas, but also promote greatly the social and economic development in the peripheral regions through the lateral diffusion of three-level vertical wave effect mode, and some reform and development benefits were primarily shared by all the people in the peripheral regions through participating in the highway traffic infrastructure construction directly or indirectly. The results show that the combination of I-O and ESDA plays a certain role in preliminarily revealing the effect mechanism, spatial differentiation and spatial interaction of the contribution of highway traffic infrastructure construction to economic growth.

Key words: Input-output Analysis (I-O), Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), highway traffic infrastructure construction, economic growth, Xinjiang