地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (6): 771-784.doi: 10.11821/xb201106006

• 城市研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

近代南京城市社会空间结构——基于1936年南京城市人口调查数据的分析

宋伟轩1,2, 徐旳3, 王丽晔2, 朱喜钢2   

  1. 1. 江苏省社会科学院社会学研究所, 南京 210013;
    2. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210093;
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2010-09-25 修回日期:2011-01-02 出版日期:2011-06-20 发布日期:2011-08-06
  • 通讯作者: 徐旳(1979-), 男,汉族,江苏南京人。E-mail: xudi@vip.163.com E-mail:xudi@vip.163.com
  • 作者简介:宋伟轩(1981-), 男, 吉林省敦化市人, 博士, 主要研究方向为城市社会地理。E-mail: songweixuan@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目; 国家自然科学基金青年项目(41001095)

Urban Socio-spatial Structure of Nanjing during the Modern Era: Analysis Based on the Data of Urban Population Investigation in 1936

SONG Weixuan1,2, XU Di3, WANG Liye2, ZHU Xigang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Sociology, Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Social Sciences, Nanjing 210013, China;
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    3. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2010-09-25 Revised:2011-01-02 Online:2011-06-20 Published:2011-08-06
  • Supported by:

    A Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions; Youth Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.41001095

摘要: 以1936 年南京城市人口数据为基础,利用城市社会生态因子分析手段,采用聚类分析方法,对南京城市社会空间结构加以分析。结果表明,影响1936 年南京城市社会区形成的主因子有城市商业/居住活动因子、政治活动因子、教育因子、贫困人口因子和城市公共福利设施因子等5 个。1936 年南京城市社会区划分为6 个主要类型:① 高级政府官员/知识分子聚集区;② 政府机关公务人员聚居区;③ 人口密集的普通市民聚居区;④ 城市士绅聚集区;⑤农业人口集中区;⑥ 流动人口集中的棚户区。比较研究表明近代(1936 年) 与现代(2000 年)南京城市社会空间结构的主因子、社会区类型以及空间分布特征等方面差异性与相似性并存。近代南京城市社会空间结构的演化过程表现为:社会空间结构分异的主因子个数持续增加,城市社会空间分异的程度加剧。

关键词: 近代, 南京, 城市社会空间结构, 因子分析

Abstract: Since Park and Burgess created human ecology in the 1920s, the school of urban ecology has established many urban inner spatial models, such as concentric zone model, sector model and multiple nuclei model, through a great deal of empirical research,. Studies on urban socio-spatial structure by means of factorial ecology constantly have been conducted in China since the 1980s. Due to data accessibility of the case city, population and space data of the studies above are almost the population census data or the housing census data after the start of the reform and opening up, and the study period is centralized to the recent 30 years. Up to now, there have been relatively few scholars who do the quantitative study on urban spatial structure in modern China.

Key words: the modern era, Nanjing, urban social spatial structure, factor analysis