地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 3-8.doi: 10.11821/xb200301001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国地理学发展若干值得思考的问题

陆大道   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-11-26 修回日期:2002-12-11 出版日期:2003-01-25 发布日期:2003-01-25
  • 作者简介:陆大道, 男, 中国地理学会理事长, 研究员。E-mail:ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn

Some Key Issues Concerning Development of Geographical Science in China

LU Dadao   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-11-26 Revised:2002-12-11 Online:2003-01-25 Published:2003-01-25

摘要:

近年来,中国地理学在应用方向的发展及人才培养等方面取得明显成就的同时,综合方向削弱,地理教育和研究机构易名混乱,国家重大问题的研究未受到广泛重视。根据中国地理学目前存在的问题,阐述了地理学在新世纪的发展方向和加强理论与综合研究的建议。

关键词: 地理学, 学科地位, 中国

Abstract:

In the past 20 years, outstanding progress has been made in the development of China's geographical science which consists of both applied aspect and talents training. It also played an essential role in the nation's major research projects. There were more than 200,000 people engaging in geographical education and research in institutions, universities and colleges as well as middle schools in China in 2002. There were 565 professors and 1,001 associate professors working in the major 42 geographical institutions, of which 8 have the power to confer Ph.D degree of primary disciplines and 65 to confer Ph.D degree of secondary disciplines. In the 42 institutions, there are 340 doctoral tutors. Since the second half of 1999, 586 PhD students and 1,579 master students have graduated. Some 1,006 PhD students and 2,563 master students were enrolled in the academic year of 2001-2002. Since 1999, the following projects have been managed: one national major project, and 20 key projects under the National Natural Science Foundation of China; 8 for National 863 Program; 6 special topics and 13 projects for National Brainstorm Program; 4 projects and 8 subjects for National 973 Program; foundation items for outstanding youth and 16 excellent research groups supported by foundations; one major knowledge innovation project and 7 key projects of CAS. In spite of the achievements mentioned above, certain fields in geographical research also face challenges and opportunities. In light with the existing problems, this paper discusses the development direction of the geographical sciences in the 21st century and puts forward suggestions on strengthening theoretical research and integrated research of geography.

Key words: geography, academic position, development orientation, China