地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (3): 433-441.doi: 10.11821/xb200303013

• 环境演变 • 上一篇    下一篇

皖南花山石窟群开凿年代地衣测年及成因

朱诚1, 唐云松1, 马春梅1, 张理华1, 周毅华2, 朱光辉3, 胡济源2, 王朋岭1, 申洪源1   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京 210093;
    2. 安徽省黄山市地质矿产局,黄山市 245000;
    3. 安徽省黄山市屯溪区档案局,黄山市 245000
  • 收稿日期:2002-10-26 修回日期:2002-12-21 出版日期:2003-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:朱诚 (1954-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师。1990年于北京大学地理系获博士学位, 长期从事地貌与第四纪地质研究, 发表论文100余篇、专著4本, 曾获3项省部级科技进步奖。Email: zhuchengnj@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (40071083,40271103); 高校博士点基金项目 (2000028414); 南京大学“985工程”自然地理学科建设项目与南京大学现代分析中心测试基金项目成果

Lichenometric Dating, Excavated Age and Cause on Huashan Grottoes

ZHU Cheng1, TANG Yunsong1, MA Cunmei1, ZHANG Lihua1, ZHOU Yihua2, ZHU Guanghui3, HU Jiyuan2, WANG Pengling1, SHEN Hongyuan1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban & Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Bureau of Geology and Minerals, Huangshan City, Anhui 245000, China;
    3. Bureau of Archives in Tunxi District of Huangshan City, Anhui 245000, China
  • Received:2002-10-26 Revised:2002-12-21 Online:2003-05-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40071083,40271103, Doctoral Foundation of China Higher Education, No.2000028414; “985 Project” construction of physical geography for Nanjing University and Foundation of Modern Analyses Center of Nanjing University

摘要:

据在花山石窟地区古代桥梁、桥垛、牌坊、墓碑、古民居、古房基和石窟洞壁洞口量测出的96个黄绿地图衣最大内切圆直径,测定出花山石窟主要开采年代为距今515~370年即明代中晚期 (公元1477~1632年间),石窟岩性与周边地区古建筑岩性的比较以及史料记载和石窟中遗留的古代瓷器残片年代均能证明这一点。鉴于石窟地衣量测工作主要在石窟洞口进行,由此推测石窟深处开采时代可能延续至清代。

关键词: 花山石窟, 地衣测年, 开采时代与成因

Abstract:

According to 96 data of the maximum inscribed circle diameter of Rhizocarpon geographicum lichen on the ancient bridges and buttress, toriis, tombstones, folk house, foundations and the wall of grottoes entrances in the Huashan Grottoes area, the carving time of the grottoes is likely 515-370 aBP, that is, in the middle and late Ming Dynasty (1477-1632 AD). The lithological comparisons of the grottoes and the surrounding around ancient architectures, historical materials record, and the ages of ancient China relics in the grottoes are researched. All of the above evidences can prove the lichenometric dating result. The lichenometric dating was measured on the grottoes entrances (inner grottoes has no sunlight, so the lichen can not grow), therefore, it can be inferred that the excavation to the inner grottoes can be possibly dated back to the Qing Dynasty.

Key words: Huashan Grottoes, lichenometric dating, excavated age and cause