地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (4): 479-488.doi: 10.11821/xb200204013

• 区域开发 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国国际集装箱运输网络的布局与优化

韩增林,安筱鹏,王利,王成金,王丽华,李亚军   

  1. 辽宁师范大学地理系, 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2001-11-30 修回日期:2002-03-28 出版日期:2002-07-25 发布日期:2002-07-25
  • 作者简介:韩增林 (1956- ), 男, 教授, 主要从事交通地理及海洋经济地理方面的研究。E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (49971025)

Distribution and Optimization of Container Transportation Network in China

HAN Zenglin, AN Xiaopeng, WANG Li, WANG Chengjin, WANG Lihua, LI Yajun   

  1. Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2001-11-30 Revised:2002-03-28 Online:2002-07-25 Published:2002-07-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China No.49971025

摘要:

在分析世界集装箱运输发展及集装箱网络构成的基础上,指出在海上集装箱运输发展过程中枢纽港与支线港的分离、干线航线与支线航线的形成是集装箱运输发展的必然结果;在陆上,集装箱中转站的形成及分级是集装箱运输发展的客观要求,因此集装箱运输在发展的过程中形成了独特的空间运输网络体系。中国集装箱运输的快速发展在客观上要求合理布局与优化整个集装箱运输网络,在建立了中国集装箱运输GIS系统基础上,提出了中国集装箱港口及集装箱中转站的优化布局,同时提出了在港口与中转站布局基础上形成的中国集装箱运输几个重要运输通道。最后从经济发展对集装箱运输的客观要求出发,用模糊数学的方法,选择典型地区对集装箱运输通道进行不同约束条件下的评价。

关键词: 集装箱, 运输网络, 布局与优化, 中国

Abstract:

The container transportation is a revolution for the grocery transportation in the transportation system. The container transportation makes it impossible for the goods to be transported from door to door in the world. At the same time, the container transportation improves the efficiency of transportation. Based on analyzing the development of container transportation and network in the world, the paper points out not only the formation of container load center and lateral port but alsothe CFS is the result of the development of container transportation. The paper conducts an intensive discussion on the formation and evolvement mechanism and development mode of container load centers in the world. The formation of the network of container transportation is the tendency of container transportation and the necessary result. With economic development and rapid expansion of container transportation in China, it is necessary for China to establish rational network of container transportation. Based on GIS, the paper puts forward the mode of container ports and CFS and container transportation channels. finally a mode of judgement about container transportation channels is proposed through researching Nanchang container transportation system.

Key words: network, distribution and optimization, China, container transportation