地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (8): 818-828.doi: 10.11821/xb200608004

• 城市发展与机场格局 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型期广州市金融服务业的空间格局变动

林彰平1,2, 闫小培3   

  1. 1. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006;
    2. 广州大学广州发展研究院,广州 510006;
    3. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-22 修回日期:2006-04-12 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2010-09-01
  • 作者简介:林彰平 (1966-),男,湖南邵阳人,博士,副教授。主要从事服务业地理研究。E-mail: zpling222@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年科学基金项目 (40125003); 广州市哲学社会科学规划项目

Analysis on the Change of the Spatial Pattern of Financial Service Industry in Guangzhou during the Transition Period

LIN Zhangping1,2, YAN Xiaopei3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    2. Guangzhou Development Institute, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    3. Centre for Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2005-12-22 Revised:2006-04-12 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2010-09-01
  • Supported by:

    The National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, No.40125003; Project of Philosophy & Social Sciences of Guangzhou

摘要:

以广州市1984年第三产业普查数据和1996年、2001年基本单位普查数据为主要数据源,结合其他社会经济统计数据和实地调查资料,采用定性与定量相结合的对比、评估和解释方法,对转型期广州市金融服务业空间格局变动过程及原因进行了研究。结果显示:① 转型期广州市金融服务业向城市新区扩散和向城市中心区集聚并存,“集中于越秀”的初始空间格局变为“中心区多点集聚”的现状空间格局,金融服务业集聚地段的生成表现为一个“由南而北、由西往东”的时空运动过程。② 社会经济体制和金融管理体制转型、金融机构行为变化以及城市空间扩张分别是金融服务业空间格局变动的前提条件、微观基础和空间张力;城市化集聚经济效应促进各区金融服务业差异化增长,递次集中兴建的城市办公活动空间吸引金融机构在城市特定地段集聚。③ 研究时段内广州市金融服务业缺少西方国家城市那样的高端金融服务总部集聚中心,也没有观察到西方大都市CBD衰退现象和金融服务“废弃型”城市空间。

关键词: 金融服务业, 空间格局, 变动, 广州市

Abstract:

The institutional preconditions, behavior bases and the relationship between finance and urban space development have been emphasized when people pay more attention to the spatial dimension of urban finance during the progress of tertiarisation. The case studies on the change of spatial pattern of financial industry (SPFI) at the urban scale are scarce in China. Based on the second-hand data from 'the tertiary industry census'(1984), 'the basic units census'(1996, 2001), other socio-economic statistics and the first-hand data from field survey, this paper investigated the progress and causes of the change of SPFI during the transition period by using a set of combined methods, such as comparison, description and interpretation, both quantitatively and qualitatively. The results show that: (1) There are two co-existing processes of the movement of the financial service industry during the transition period, including concentrating in the central districts from periphery districts and spreading to the new districts from the central districts. The initial spatial pattern as 'highly concentrating in Yuexiu District' has transformed to the current pattern as 'multi-spot concentrating in the central districts'. The generation of financial service industry comparatively agglomerative spots showed a 'South to North, and West to East' spatio-temporal movement process. (2) The systematic transition of socio-economic institutions and the evolvement of financial regulations were the preconditions of the variation of spatial pattern of financial service industry. The behavior of financial institutions was the micro-behavior base. And the expansion of urban space was the spatial tensile force. The economic effect of urbanization agglomeration widened the differentiation in financial service industry in each administrative division. The construction of office buildings in turn in an agglomerative form attracted the financial institutions to cluster at certain spots. (3) Dissimilar to the conditions of the cities of the Western countries, the headquarters location centre of high order financial services did not exist in Guangzhou, neither obvious decline of CBD nor 'abandoned' urban space could be discerned during the research period in Guangzhou.

Key words: financial service industry, spatial pattern, change, Guangzhou