地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (8): 798-808.doi: 10.11821/xb200608002

• 城市发展与机场格局 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球化与新经济背景下的广州市空间结构

吕拉昌1,2, 王建军2, 魏也华3   

  1. 1. 广州大学广州发展研究院,广州 510006;
    2. 广州大学地理科学学院,广州 510006;
    3. 美国威斯康星大学地理系,密尔沃基 53211
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-26 修回日期:2006-03-28 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2010-09-01
  • 作者简介:吕拉昌 (1963-), 男, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员, 主要从事城市与区域发展与规划研究。E-mail: lachanglu@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40571049); 国家社会科学基金项目 (05BJL042); 广东省自然科学基金项目 (04009529) 联合资助

Spatial Restructuring in Guangzhou City in the Context of Globalization and the New Economy

LU Lachang1,2, WANG Jianjun2, WEI Yehua3   

  1. 1. Institute of Guangzhou Development Research, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
    2. College of Geography Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China;
    3. Geography Department of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53211, USA
  • Received:2005-12-26 Revised:2006-03-28 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2010-09-01
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571049; National Social Science Foundation, No.05BJL042; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, No.04009529

摘要:

全球化与新经济对城市空间结构的形成和演变产生了深刻的影响。基于统计资料及实际调查,分析了广州城市空间结构的演化过程及格局。结果显示,广州城市演化表现出明显的阶段性,包括单中心增长模式、飞地发展模式、“二元”空间结构模式及融合多核心网络模式。现阶段处于二元空间结构模式的发展阶段,新城市区域与老城市区域在产业结构、人口结构、景观特征等方面存在明显的差异。这种城市空间形态结构的演变及格局,是全球化及新经济因素、体制因素、政策及城市规划因素等多种因素综合作用的结果。近年来,全球化与新经济对城市空间形态发展起着日益重要的作用。广州城市空间结构的分析对我国大都市空间结构研究具有重要的启示意义。

关键词: 全球化, 新经济, 大都市, “二元”空间城市, 城市形态, 广州

Abstract:

Globalization and the new economy have had a profound impact on the formation and evolution of the urban spatial structure. Based on statistical data and fieldwork, this paper analyzes urban spatial restructuring in Guangzhou and develops an evolutionary model of urban development. The study has uncovered that the evolution of Guangzhou City is a gradual process characterized by four stages of evolving urban spatial forms: the single-core growth pattern, the Wikilib pattern, the dual structure pattern and the multi-core networking pattern. Currently, Guangzhou City is in the development stage of the dual structure pattern, with obvious differentials in economic structure, urban landscape and population structure between the old city and new urban areas. Such a spatial structure in Guangzhou results from various underlying factors, mainly globalization and the new economy, institutional change, local policies and urban planning. Globalization and the new economy have been playing a vital role in urban spatial restructuring in Guangzhou. The analysis of urban spatial restructuring in Guangzhou has significant implications for the study of metropolitan restructuring in China.

Key words: globalization, new economy, metropolis, dual city, urban spatial form, China, Guangzhou