地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (4): 437-448.doi: 10.11821/xb200804008

• 旅游与区域经济 • 上一篇    

计算机产业全球生产网络分析 —— 兼论其在中国大陆的发展

李健, 宁越敏, 汪明峰   

  1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心, 上海200062
  • 收稿日期:2007-07-23 修回日期:2008-01-07 出版日期:2008-04-25 发布日期:2008-04-25
  • 作者简介:李健(1977-), 男, 山东日照人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为城市地理与城市经济。 E-mail: leeken2007@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40671060); 上海市重点学科建设项目(B410)

Global Production Networks of Computer Industry and Its Development in Mainland China

LI Jian, NING Yuemin, WANG Mingfeng   

  1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2007-07-23 Revised:2008-01-07 Online:2008-04-25 Published:2008-04-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40671060); 上海市重点学科建设项目(B410)

摘要:

全球化与生产技术的发展进一步引导了社会生产组织的变革, 新的国际劳动分工深入 到产品内层次, 全球价值链和全球生产网络等开始被纳入诸多学科研究体系, 并更好地解释 了当今全球生产组织的新变化。文章首先从全球生产网络概念及研究综述入手, 探讨了计算 机产业全球生产网络的一般组织框架; 其次, 以价值链- 微笑曲线为对象对计算机产业全球 生产网络的价值分配及空间竞争性进行实证研究, 在此基础上进一步分析计算机产业全球生 产网络中的企业组织及其权力分配关系; 再次, 分析了目前中国计算机产业生产网络价值分 配结构及空间竞争性, 探讨中国大陆计算机产业融入全球生产网络的情况。

关键词: 计算机产业, 国际劳动分工, 全球生产网络, 镶嵌, 中国

Abstract:

The development of globalization and advancement of production technology further lead to the transformation of social production organization. New international division of labor has penetrated into the inner layer of products, and the global value chain and the global production networks have been brought into multidisciplinary research. The new theories can better explain the new changes of production organization in modern world. Based on introducing the concepts and remarks of global production networks, this paper firstly discusses the general organization of global production networks of computer industry. Secondly, according to two indexes of value increment and profitability, the paper proposes two kinds of smiling curve and takes the GPN framework to explain it, including value analysis and its spatial competition, corporation organization and power distribution. Thirdly, the paper studies the smiling curve of Chinese computer industry, and holds discussions on value and its spatial competition, and then discusses embeddness of Chinese computer industry to global production networks.

Key words: computer industry, international division of labor, global production networks, embeddness, China