地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (1): 107-116.doi: 10.11821/xb200901011

• 西部地理环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山东部冰芯pH 值和电导率的大气环境空间差异

董志文1,3, 李忠勤1,2, 王飞腾1,3, 张明军2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/ 天山冰川站,兰州730000; 2.西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州730070;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2008-07-25 修回日期:2008-11-02 出版日期:2009-01-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:董志文(1984-),男,甘肃甘谷人,硕士研究生。主要研究方向为冰川与全球环境变化。 E-mail: happyabear@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2007CB411501);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目 (KZCX2-YW-127);国家自然科学基金项目(40631001;40571033;40701034;40371028;J0630966;40701035); 国家基金委创新群体项目(40121101) 资助

The pH and Electrical Conductivity of Atmospheric Environment from Three Shallow Ice Cores in the Eastern Tianshan Mountains

DONG Zhiwen1,3, LI Zhongqin1,2, WANG Feiteng1,3, ZHANG Mingjun2   

  1. 1. The State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute /Tianshan Glaciological Station,CAS,Lanzhou 730000,China ;
    2. College of Geography and Environment Science,Northwest Normal University,Lanzhou 730070,China;
    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2008-07-25 Revised:2008-11-02 Online:2009-01-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Key Project for Basic Research of China, No.2007CB411501;Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCXZ-YW-127;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40631001;No.40571033;No.40701034;No.40371028;No. J0630966;No.40701035. The Project for Outstanding Young Scientists of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40121101

摘要:

冰芯电导率是大气环境变化的替代性指标。对我国天山东部三个研究点奎屯哈希勒根 48 号冰川、乌鲁木齐河源1 号冰川以及哈密庙儿沟平顶冰川粒雪芯中pH 值和电导率的近期环境记录进行了分析研究。结果显示, 三个研究点粒雪芯反映的近期pH 值和电导率变化趋势不同: 奎屯电导率随冰芯深度增加表现出升高趋势, 哈密庙尔沟平顶冰川和乌鲁木齐河源 1 号冰川随冰芯深度增加表现出一定下降趋势; 冰芯电导率平均值在哈密庙儿沟冰川最大, 而其他两个点相对较小, 这与矿物粉尘浓度和离子浓度的分布一致; 雪冰电导率与粉尘及离子相关性分析表明, 电导率主要受中亚粉尘活动影响, 同时与Ca2+、Mg2+、Na+等相关性很高。 通过比较显示, 天山东部与我国西部其他研究点以及极地雪冰电导率的差异可以很好地反映大气环境的空间差异。

关键词: 天山东部, 粒雪芯, pH 值和电导率, 大气环境, 空间差异

Abstract:

The pH values and Electrical Conductivity Measurement (ECM) records in three shallow ice cores from Glacier No.1 at the headwater of the Urumqi River, Kuitun Glacier No.48 and Hami Miaoergou Glacier in the eastern Tianshan Mountains, western China were measured and analyzed for the research on atmospheric environmental change. Ice core records show that the changing trends of pH and ECM at the three sites in recent about 10 years are different: Kuitun ECM increased with the change of the ice depth, but Hami site and Urumqi Glacier No.1 show a decreasing trend. The average ECM value in Hami is greater than the other two sites, just as the case of high dust concentration and ions concentration at this site. ECM records are mainly affected by Asian dust, as the correlative coefficients of ECM and mineral ions such as Ca2+, Mg2+ and Na+ are significantly high. Also, pH and ECM are significantly high correlative coefficients, which coincide with the research on the Tibetan Plateau, but different from that in the polar regions.

Key words: pH and electrical conductivity records, ice core, atmospheric environment, spatial difference, eastern Tianshan Mountains