地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (1): 7-20.doi: 10.11821/xb200901002

• 地理信息科学 • 上一篇    下一篇

虚拟地理环境研究的兴起与实验地理学新方向

林珲1, 黄凤茹1, 闾国年2   

  1. 1. 香港中文大学太空与地球信息科学研究所,香港新界沙田;
    2. 南京师范大学虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室,南京210046
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-12 修回日期:2008-11-05 出版日期:2009-01-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:林珲,男,教授,香港中文大学太空与地球信息科学研究所所长,主要从事虚拟地理环境、多云多雨环境遥 感、城市和城市群GIS 及空间综合人文学与社会科学研究。E-mail: huilin@cuhk.edu.hk
  • 基金资助:

    国家863 计划(2006AA12Z207);香港政府研究资助局项目(CUHK447807);国家自然科学基金重点项目 (40730527);江苏省高校重大基础项目(05KJAD001)

Development of Virtual Geographic Environments and the New Initiative in Experimental Geography

LIN Hui1, HUANG Fengru1, LU Guonian2   

  1. 1. Institute of Space and Earth Information Science,Chinese University of Hong Kong,Shatin,HK,China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment,Nanjing Normal University,Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210046,China
  • Received:2008-10-12 Revised:2008-11-05 Online:2009-01-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    The National "863" High Technology Research and Development Program of China, No.2006AA12Z207;HKSAR RGC project No.CUHK447807; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40730527;Jiangsu Provincial Higher Education Key Program, No.05KJAD001

摘要:

虚拟地理环境是一个可用于模拟和分析复杂地学过程与现象, 支持协同工作、知识共享和群体决策的集成化虚拟地理实验环境与工作空间, 是地理学研究的虚拟实验室, 可为现 代实验地理学研究提供科学方法和技术手段。本文阐述虚拟地理环境和实验地理学研究的发展过程及当前进展, 探讨虚拟地理环境与虚拟地理实验对现代实验地理学研究的意义, 并分析当前虚拟地理环境研究的关键问题及存在的误区。虚拟地理环境的兴起与发展为地理过程表达、地理知识获取、地理问题求解提供了新思路、新方法和新技术。实验地理学的研究方法可从野外考察与观测、室内物理模拟及地理数学建模和计算机模拟, 拓展到虚拟地理环境平台下的虚拟地理实验。

关键词: 虚拟地理环境, 实验地理学, 地理模型, 虚拟地理实验室, GIS

Abstract:

Virtual Geographic Environments (VGE) is an integrated virtual space which is used to simulate and analyze complex phenomena and process of geography. It supports activities of research on geography as collaborative work, knowledge sharing and group decision-making. It can become one of the scientific methods and advanced technologies of modern experimental geography study. In the paper, the development process and progress of VGE and experimental geography are introduced, the roll and prospect of VGE and virtual geographic experiment on modern experimental geography are focused, key issues and existing misunderstanding about current studies on VGE are discussed. Integrated research on VGE and experimental geography highlights the importance of geographic model and knowledge in geography study, stresses that VGE can promote the theory and methods of modern experimental geography study, and contribute to the development of geographic science.

Key words: Virtual Geographic Environments (VGE), experimental geography, geographic model, geographic virtual lab, GIS