地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (4): 479-486.doi: 10.11821/xb200904010

• 土地利用与人居环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

福建省工业用地效率分析与集约利用评价

黄大全, 洪丽璇, 梁进社   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2008-09-30 修回日期:2009-01-19 出版日期:2009-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 通讯作者: 梁进社(1957-), 男, 教授, 主要从事经济地理学、自然资源与环境经济学的教学和研究。 E-mail: liangjs@bnu.edu.cn E-mail:liangjs@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄大全(1971-), 男, 博士, 讲师, 主要从事城市与区域规划、土地评价与土地管理、GIS 应用的教学和研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40635026)

Analysis and Evaluation of Industrial Land Efficiency and Intensive Use in Fujian Province

HUANG Daquan, HONG Lixuan, LIANG Jinshe   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2008-09-30 Revised:2009-01-19 Online:2009-04-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635026

摘要:

在中国, 城乡居民点用地有规范的人均指标, 招标拍卖已成为获取经营性用地的主要 方式, 交通和水利设施用地主要受政府和区域重大政策影响, 而工业用地既缺乏相应的用地 标准, 土地获取的市场透明度又不够。因此, 如何提高工业用地效率是土地规划和管理的重 要内容。已有的研究多采用指标体系的综合评价方法来评价土地集约利用程度, 但缺少经济 学原理, 应用于具体的规划编制、管理和实施的局限性较大。结合中国福建省案例, 提出全 要素生产率方法来分析和度量之, 既能测算土地集约度, 也能说明要素的利用效率, 具有简 单可操作的优势。文中不知劳动所得比重值情况下的用地效率和集约评价方法也是有效可行 的, 虽不能排列出要素利用效率的顺序, 但可同时给出资本与劳动的投入结构以及对它们利 用的效率在各个地区之间的差异情况。案例研究还表明, 福建其他地区随着与厦门和福州距离 的增加, 其投入和产出总的趋势在下降。福州与厦门可与杜能孤立国中的城市类比, 而其他 地区类似于孤立国中的郊区。因此要考虑土地区位对集约度的影响, 但找出其参考点是关键。

关键词: 工业用地, 集约, 效率, 全要素生产率, 福建

Abstract:

In China, there are standard per capita indicators for the land used for urban and rural settlements. Tender auction has been the major access to the acquirement of operating sites. Land used for transport facilities and water conservancy facilities is mainly influenced by important governmental and regional policies. However, there are neither corresponding standards for industrial land nor adequate mark transparency for its procurement. Therefore, how to improve the efficiency of industrial land use is of prime importance for land use planning and governance. We found that most of the existing research papers introduce a weighted indicator to evaluate land intensive use, without the guidance of economic principles. The exiting method cannot be well applied for the compilation of land use planning and the process of management and implementation. We propose a means named total factor productivity, simple and practical, to evaluate the economic efficiency of industrial land use and compare the effects of intensive use in different cities of Fujian province in China. Also, a variant TPF method is feasible in the absence of labor incomes ratio. It is unable to arrange the order of factor use efficiency, but it could indicate the input structures of capital and labor and regional differences of their use efficiencies. Furthermore, the case study shows that the longer distance from Xiamen and Fuzhou, the lower inputs and outputs the other cities of Fujian province have. It seems that Xiamen and Fuzhou analogize the city in Thunen's isolate country while other cities like the suburbs in the book. Therefore it is necessary to consider the impacts of location on land intensive use, and finding the reference atlas is the crux.

Key words: industrial land, intensive, efficiency, TFP, Fujian Provinc