地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (4): 399-407.doi: 10.11821/xb200904002

• 城乡发展与旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市异速增长分析

李郇, 陈刚强, 许学强   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2008-09-27 修回日期:2009-02-02 出版日期:2009-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:李郇(1964-), 男, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110007209M), 主要研究方向为经济地理、经济增长。 E-mail: lixun23@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40871066); 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830532); 教育部人文社会科学重点研究 基地重大项目(08JJD820170) 资助

Urban Allometric Growth in China: Theory and Facts

LI Xun, CHEN Gangqiang, XU Xueqiang   

  1. School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2008-09-27 Revised:2009-02-02 Online:2009-04-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40871066; No.40830532; Key Project of the Ministry of Education of China, No.08JJD820170

摘要:

在对国内外城市异速增长方程的讨论进行回顾的基础上, 采用1990 年、2000 年和 2005 年中国城市建成区和人口普查的城镇人口数据, 分析了中国城市用地与城镇人口之间的 异速增长关系, 在对标度因子的标准值进行充分讨论后, 认为1990 年中国城市增长是负异速 增长, 2000 年和2005 年呈现正异速增长的状态, 中国东、西部城市样本也表现出这种规律, 而中部城市在1990 年, 2000 年保持了原有的建设用地与人口增长的比例, 但在中部崛起的 政策下, 2005 年表现为正异速增长, 该结论与中国在流动人口的变化、住房体制改革和开发 区快速拓展有密切关系。

关键词: 城市异速增长, 城市建设用地, 城镇人

Abstract:

Based on a review on urban allometric equation, this paper analyzes the allometric growth relationship between urban area and urban population in China by using the data of the urban built-up area and the total population of cities and towns in 1990, 2000 and 2005. After an in-depth discussion of the standard value of the scaling factor, the paper concludes that urban growth in China is negative allometry in 1990 and positive one in 2000 and 2005. Sample cities in the eastern and western China also show the same law. In contrast to this, cities in central China maintain the original proportion of built-up land growth with population growth; however, they show positive allometry in 2005 because of the promotion policy for central China. The conclusion is closely related to the changes in migrant population, housing system reform and the rapid expansion of development zones.

Key words: urban allometric growth, urban built-up area, population of cities and town