地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (6): 745-752.doi: 10.11821/xb200906011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游地理学视域中的中国名胜组景分析

贾文毓   

  1. 山西师范大学城市与环境科学学院,临汾 041004
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-29 修回日期:2009-03-23 出版日期:2009-06-25 发布日期:2009-06-25
  • 作者简介:贾文毓 (1960-), 男, 副教授, 硕士生导师, 中国地理学会会员, 主要研究方向为人文地理学。 E-mail: jwyxs@163.com

An Analysis of Composite Sceneries of Chinese Attractions in the Vision of Tourism Geography

JIA Wenyu   

  1. Institute of Urban and Environment Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China
  • Received:2008-10-29 Revised:2009-03-23 Online:2009-06-25 Published:2009-06-25

摘要:

中国名胜组景遍布全国34个省 (市、区),从3~108景不等。在收集到的2395组名胜组景中,以偶数组景为主,其中尤为突出是的四字句组景,占到总数的99%以上;八景在各种组景中居于重要地位,占64.80%。组景景观可分为自然景观与人文景观两种类型,有动静合一、时空合一、虚实合一和主客合一之特点,其构词方式主要为“名词/偏正短语+偏正短语”型与“名词/偏正短语+动宾短语”型;组景景名具有用词典雅、形象生动、化静为动和点睛显要的艺术特色。从整体上看,名胜组景具有与时而变、多元复合、指导游览等特性,可给旅游地理学的研究以有益启示。

关键词: 中国名胜, 组景, 构词规律, 艺术特点, 旅游研究

Abstract:

Composite sceneries of Chinese attractions can be found in 34 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities and SARs). The number of each scenery ranges from 3 to 108. A total of 2395 composite sceneries were collected for the study. These sceneries are mainly named even-number characters, and four-character sceneries are particularly prominent, accounting for 99% of the total. The "eight sceneries" occupy an important position, accounting for 64.80%. Composite sceneries can be classified into two types: natural and human scenes. The names of composite sceneries have the structural characteristics: dynamic and static unity, temporal and spatial unity, illusive and actual unity and subjective and objective unity. The ways of structuring words have two main types: the type of noun/modifier-core phrase + modifier-core phrase and the type of noun/verb-object phrase + verb-object phrase. The names of composite sceneries have many artistic characteristics, such as using elegant words, describe vividly, using verbs to name some actual static things and pointing out the things, cores. Generally speaking, composite sceneries have their unique characteristics, such as changing with times, and serving as tour guides as well as a mixture of elements and so on. Composite sceneries can give useful enlightenment to the study of the tourism geography.

Key words: Chinese attraction, composite sceneries, law of character-building, artistic characteristic, tourism study