地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (7): 879-887.doi: 10.11821/xb200907012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

油松树轮记录的过去134年伏牛山5-7月平均最高温度

田沁花1, 2,  刘禹1, 3,  蔡秋芳1,  包光1, 2,  王伟平4,  薛文亮5,  朱文杰6,  宋慧明1,  雷莺1, 2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室,西安 710075;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039;
    3. 西安交通大学人居环境与建筑工程系,西安 710049;
    4. 西安交通大学能源与动力工程学院,西安 710049;
    5. 水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室,南京 210098;
    6. 黄委会河南水文水资源局,郑州 450003
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-07 修回日期:2209-04-16 出版日期:2009-07-25 发布日期:2010-04-21
  • 通讯作者: 刘禹, 男, 研究员, 树轮气候学专业。E-mail: liuyu@loess.llqg.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:田沁花, 女, 博士研究生, 树轮气候学专业。E-mail: tianqh@ieecas.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金 (40525004); 国家自然科学基金重大项目 (40890051); 中国科学院黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室开放基金项目 (SKLLQG0714); 国家科技部项目(2004CB720200; 2006CB400503) 资助

The Maximum Temperature of May-July Inferred from Tree-ring in Funiu Mountain since 1874 AD

TIAN Qinhua1, 2,  LIU Yu1, 3,  CAI Qiufang1,  BAO Guang1, 2,  WANG Weiping4,  XUE Wenliang5,  ZHU Wenjie6,  SONG Huiming1,  LEI Ying1, 2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, Xi'an 710075, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
    3. Department of Environment Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering of Xi'an University, Xi'an 710049, China;
    4. Power Engineering of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China;
    5. State key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing 210098, China;
    6. Henan Bureau of Hydrology and Water Resources, Zhengzhou 450003, China
  • Received:2009-03-07 Revised:2209-04-16 Online:2009-07-25 Published:2010-04-21
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40525004; No.40890051; State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, No.SKLLQG0714; National Basic Research Program of China, No.2004CB720200; No.2006CB400503

摘要:

利用豫西伏牛山的两组油松树轮宽度年表,重建了该区域1874年以来5-7月的平均最高温度。并用Jackknife和Bootstrap等方法进行了方程稳定性检验,统计检验参数表明重建序列与实测序列吻合较好,且方程稳定可信,重建方程的解释方差为40% (调整自由度后为39%)。重建显示,在过去134年中,豫西伏牛山区5-7月平均最高气温经历了4次冷期和5次暖期。其中,20世纪20-30年代末是最显著的暖期,之后开始降温,至50年代降到谷底,温度小幅回升后,在70-80年代中期又显著下降,80年代末以后开始增温。该重建温度序列与秦岭中部南五台地区温度序列有较好的一致性。

关键词: 伏牛山, 油松, 树轮, 最高温度

Abstract:

Tree-ring width chronology was constructed by using the tree ring cores of Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. from two sites on Funiu Mountain in western Henan Province. Correlation analysis showed that the tree ring index was closely related to average maximum temperature of May-July. We reconstructed the average maximum temperature of May-July for Funiu region from 1874 to 2007. "Jackknife" and "Bootstrap" methods were used respectively to estimate reliability of regression function based on statistics between the observed and reconstructed series. The explained variance reaches 40% (39% after adjusted degree of freedom). The overall test results sufficiently supported the validity of our regression model. Reconstruction indicated that there were 4 cold and 5 warm periods for the past 134 years respectively in this area. The most significant warm period during the entire reconstruction occurred between the 1920s and 1940s, and then the temperature began to decrease and reached to the lowest point in the 1950s. After a slight rise, it decreased again during the 1970s and 1980s. The temperature has increased rapidly since the late 1980s, showing a warming trend. Both the Funiu and Nanwutai temperature curves can be well compared after 10-year moving average, and they showed the regional trends synchronously.

Key words:  Funiu Mountain, Pinus tabulaeformis Carr., tree-ring, maximum temperature