地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (7): 798-806.doi: 10.11821/xb200907004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国天山山区潜在蒸发量的时空变化

张明军1, 2,  李瑞雪1,  贾文雄1, 2,  王旭峰2   

  1. 1. 西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院, 兰州 730070;
    2. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-20 修回日期:2009-06-02 出版日期:2009-07-25 发布日期:2010-04-21
  • 作者简介:张明军 (1975-), 男, 甘肃宁县人, 博士, 教授, 主要从事气候变化与冰川方面的研究。 E-mail: mjzhang2004@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40701035, 40631001, 40571033); 霍英东教育基金 (101019); 陇原青年创新人才扶持计划; 西北师范大学知识与科技创新工程科研骨干培育项目 (NWNU-KJCXGC-03-45); 西北师范大学自然地理学省级重点学科资助

Temporal and Spatial Changes of Potential Evaporation in Tianshan Mountains from 1960 to 2006

ZHANG Mingjun1, 2,  LI Ruixue1,  JIA Wenxiong1, 2,  WANG Xufeng2   

  1. 1. Geography and Environment College of Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2009-03-20 Revised:2009-06-02 Online:2009-07-25 Published:2010-04-21
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40701035; No.40631001; No.40571033; The Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation, No.101019; The Foundation for Young  Innovative Scientists  in Gansu Province; The Project for Knowledge and Technological Innovation of Northwest Normal University for Scientific Backbone Training Foundation, No.NWNU-KJCXGC-03-45; Provincial Key Subject Foundation of Northwest Normal University for Physical Geography

摘要:

利用24个气象站1960-2006年的逐日气象资料,应用FAO Penman-Monteith模型,分析了天山山区潜在蒸发量的变化趋势,并在ArcGIS环境下通过IDW插值法分析了潜在蒸发量变化的空间分异,此外运用多元回归分析法对影响潜在蒸发量变化的主导因素进行了探讨。结果表明:年潜在蒸发量自60年代以来呈波状减小趋势,1986年之后减小趋势更加明显,2000年以后呈增加趋势。年潜在蒸发量的年际变化倾向率为-2.48 mm/a,表明潜在蒸发量总体上呈减小趋势;从季节来看,秋季的潜在蒸发量呈增加趋势,其它季节呈减小趋势,其中春季的减小幅度最大;风速是影响潜在蒸发量变化的主导因素,影响秋季潜在蒸发量变化的主导因素是气温。

关键词: 潜在蒸发量, 变化趋势, 天山地区

Abstract:

Based on the daily data of 24 meteorological stations  from 1960 to 2006 and combined with the Penman-Monteith model, the changing trend of potential evaporation in the Tianshan Mountains was analyzed in this study. By the method of IDW under ArcGIS the spatial distribution of potential evaporation was drawn in order to research regional difference. And the multivariate regression method was used to discuss the dominant factor influencing potential evaporation. The results indicated that since the 1960s the annual potential evaporation has presented an undulated decreasing trend, and the decreasing trend was more evident since 1986.  It began to increase since 2000. There was a decreasing trend in general because the changing rate of annual potential evaporation varied at -2.48 mm/a. The potential evaporation increased in autumn, however, decreased in other seasons especially in spring. The wind speed was a dominant factor influencing potential evaporation, while temperature was the key factor in autumn.

Key words: potential evaporation, changing trend, Tianshan Mountains