地理学报

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福建省域主体功能区划分实践

王强,  伍世代, 李永实, 汤晓华,  陈国子   

  1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州350007
  • 收稿日期:2008-10-21 修回日期:2009-03-23 出版日期:2009-06-25 发布日期:2010-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 伍世代, E-mail: sdlw8726@sina.com
  • 作者简介:王强 (1982-), 男, 助教, 主要研究方向城市经济与区域规划研究。E-mail: wangqiang_1102@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    福建省“主体功能区规划理论方法研究” 项目(2007A027); 福建师范大学地理科学学院人文地理学重点学科项目

The Application of Major Function Oriented Zoning in Fujian Province

WANG Qiang,  WU Shidai,  LI Yongshi,  TANG Xiaohua,  CHEN Guozi   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2008-10-21 Revised:2009-03-23 Online:2009-06-25 Published:2010-04-15
  • Supported by:

    The project for the study on Major Function Oriented Zoning of Fujian Province, No.2007A027; Key Project of Human Geography from College of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University

摘要:

以福建省主体功能区划分为研究命题,着重探讨在省级主体功能区划分工作开展过程中存在的现实难题与解决办法,以期为我国主体功能区划分提供理论、方法参考。研究表明::对于自然环境条件区域分异明显、人口集聚和经济发展水平差异显著、县域内交通指向主导经济布局的省域,在划分主体功能区时,应考虑综合应用县域单元、乡镇单元两种尺度,规避“一刀切”的错误论断。为此,我们提出山地省份主体功能区划分的开展思路:① 以各类保护区为主体,首当划分出禁止开发区域;② 以县域为单元进行国土开发综合评价,甄别出平原地区开发类区域,并应用现有开发强度指标逐级划分出优化开发区域;③ 以乡镇为单元进行国土开发综合评价,遴选出内陆山地地区重点乡镇;④ 根据两种空间尺度划分结果,整合各类主体功能区域。

关键词: 主体功能区, 划分尺度, 指标体系, 开展思路, 福建省

Abstract:

The study on coordinated development of regions embodies scientific development concept in the new decision-making environment. To deal with regional development problems in the long run, during the period of the 11th Five-Year Plan, land development in Fujian Province are spatially divided into four kinds of major function regions, including optimal development region, key development region, restrictive development region, and prohibited development region. According to each region's function, the governments make practical regional policies to promote regional development and rational distribution of population and economy. This paper deals with the scientific subject of Major Function Oriented Zoning (MFOZ) of Fujian Province to provide theoretical and methods information, focusing on the problems and solutions in the process of MFOZ on national level. This paper takes the view that the project of MFOZ should apply an integrated unit which contains county-scale and township-scale in order to avoid "indiscriminate" consequences, if obvious differences exist in both the natural environment and social development in the region. Therefore, this paper brings forward the demarcation thought of MFOZ for mountain provinces: Firstly, we regionalize the prohibited development region from all the protected areas as the main body. Secondly, comprehensive evaluation of resources are carried out at the county level to screen out the optimal development region and key development region in the plain areas of province. Then the indicators for current land exploitation intensity level are used to identify the optimal development region and the key development region. Thirdly, we make comprehensive evaluation of resources at the township-level to identify the key towns in landlocked mountainous regions. Finally, according to the division, the two spatial scales are used to integrate the major function regions.

Key words: Major Function Oriented Zoning, division scale, index system, demarcation thought, Fujian Province