地理学报

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淮海经济区经济发展差异研究

孙姗姗1; 朱传耿2; 李志江2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院; 2. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-27 修回日期:2009-05-12 出版日期:2009-08-20 发布日期:2009-09-21
  • 通讯作者: 朱传耿 (1963-), 男, 江苏徐州人, 教授, 博士, 主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail: chuangeng@263.net
  • 作者简介:孙姗姗 (1981-), 女, 山东济南人, 在读博士, 主要从事城市与区域经济研究。E-mail: shanshan_sun@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40671053);; 国家社会科学基金项目(06BJL058)~~

Economic Development Disparities of Huaihai Economic Zone

SUN Shanshan1,  ZHU Chuangeng2,  LI Zhijiang2   

  1. 1. College of Geographic and Oceanographic Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2008-08-27 Revised:2009-05-12 Online:2009-08-20 Published:2009-09-21
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40671053; National Social Science Foundation of China, No.06BJL058

摘要:

本文以淮海经济区126个县为研究单元,以1995年、2000年、2005年3个年份为研究时间截面,以淮海经济区所辖20个地级市的统计年鉴为数据源,综合运用SPSS和ArcGIS软件,分析淮海经济区经济发展差异的时间演变后发现:1995-2005年淮海经济区的县可分为发达型、较发达型、中等型和滞后型;淮海经济区整体发展比较滞后且经济发展差异有拉大的趋势;苏北、鲁南的经济发展水平明显高于豫东、皖北,2000年后鲁南的经济发展速度明显快于苏北;皖北一直是淮海经济区经济发展的低谷;淮海经济区约30%的县经济发展较为稳定。在此基础上,依据经济发展水平差异,把淮海经济区分为中部发达区、南部较发达区、北部较发达区和西部滞后区。最后,从打破行政区边界壁垒、启动淮海经济区区域规划、建立全国统筹区域综合配套改革试验区等方面对淮海经济区未来发展提出建议。

关键词: 时间演变, 区域划分, 淮海经济区, 经济发展差异

Abstract:

The issue of economic development disparities has become one of the hot topics in the academic study. This paper intends to discuss the issue by taking Huaihai Economic Zone as a research object, which is a typical provincial border-region. First, this paper introduces the development of Huaihai Economic Zone and the extent of academic domain. Then it makes a critical review on research into economic development disparities. Supported by softwares of SPSS and ArcGis, the authors select 126 counties of Huaihai Economic Zone as research units, and use the data from statistical yearbooks of Huaihai Economic Zone cities covering the years of 1995, 2000 and 2005. Based on studies on evolution of economic development disparities, this paper draws some onclusions as follows. From 1995 to 2005, the counties of Huaihai Economic Zone can be divided into four types: the most developed counties, more developed counties, moderately developed counties and hysteretic counties. Huaihai Economic Zone is a less developed region and its intra-regional economic gap has been widened in the 10-year period. North Jiangsu and South Shandong are more developed than East Henan and North Anhui, and South Shandong has developed more quickly than North Jiangsu since 2000. North Anhui was behindhand from 1995 to 2005 in the zone. Some 30% of the counties of Huaihai Economic Zone made steady contribution to the regional development. On this basis, according to economic development level, this paper studies region division. Results show that this zone can also be divided into four areas: the most developed central area, more developed southern area, more developed northern area, hysteretic western area. Finally, the paper puts forward some suggestions on breaking down administrative barriers, starting Huaihai Economic Zone Planning, and establishing National Overall Planning Regional Trial Zone of Comprehensive Coordinated Reform, so as to achieve comprehensive and harmonious development in the Huaihai Economic Zone.

Key words: Huaihai Economic Zone, economic development disparities, temporal evolution, region division