地理学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (7): 1204-1213.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201807002

• 理论前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时代地理复杂性的内涵

宋长青1,2,程昌秀1,2,3,史培军1,2,3   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    2. 北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    3. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-01 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-07-13
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771537);北京师范大学人才启动项目

Geography complexity: New connotations of geography in the new era

SONG Changqing1,2,CHENG Changxiu1,2,3,SHI Peijun1,2,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-06-01 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41771537;Talent Start Project of Beijing Normal University

摘要:

20世纪以来,经地理学者不断探索和努力,地理学已经形成了其特有的学科特征。首先从认知方法和思维角度,阐述了新时代地理学所面临的困境;从新技术、新秩序、新数据、新方法以及新动因等方面,诠释了地理学的新时代特征。其次,针对地理区域性的新内涵和地理综合性研究所需的新方法,提出了复杂性研究是地理学成功的新路径,并认为复杂性是地理学研究的第三特征。再次,重点讨论了地理研究存在的空间复杂格局、时间复杂过程和时空复杂机制,进而解释了地理复杂系统的基本概念,并就地理复杂系统的核心问题提供了相应的研究方法。最后,提出了新时代地理学面临的新挑战和新要求。

关键词: 地理复杂性, 空间复杂格局, 时间复杂过程, 时空复杂机制, 地理学新内涵

Abstract:

Since the 20th century, geography came into being with distinctive disciplinary characteristics by sustained effort of geographers. This paper puts forward predicament from cognitive and thought in the new era, and depicts new geographic characteristics from five aspects: new technology, new orders, new data, new approaches and new driving factors. According to new content of geo-regionality and new approaches of geo-comprehensiveness, the paper proposes that complexity research would be a successful new path in geography, and the complexity would be the third characteristic of geography. Then, the paper details some complex spatial patterns, complex time processes and complex spatio-temporal mechanisms in geography research. Based on the concept of a geographic complex system, this paper presents core issues and corresponding complex research tools. Finally, the paper puts forward new challenges and new requirements for geography in the new era.

Key words: geography complexity, complex spatial pattern, complex time process, complex spatio-temporal mechanism, new connotations of geography