地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (s1): 55-64.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1008
• 论文 •
Chen Lihui1,2, He Darning2
Abstract: Reviewing the history of river basin development, it changes from the single objective way to the multi-objective way, and then, to development the river basin in the integrated way is accepted when the people’ srealization improved and the needs for resources increased. This paper concludes the four characteristics ofthe integrated development of the river; the base of integrated idea, the correct realization to the river basin,and the capable organization and community participation. As a case of the Lancang - Mekong River basin,some aspects are analyses to support the view of the integrated development; Firstly, the importance of theriver basin development is put forward; Secondly, favorable condition for cooperation to the riparian countriesare analyses; Tnirdly, it is essential factor to deal with the conflicts of the countries; Fourthly, the reason forthe present problem in resource development is no integrated view; Finally, the pressure on the resources andthe environment in the future also facilitate the integrated development. Furthurmore, author lists aspectswhich is benefit to the future prospect;(1) the beginning of cooperation, dialogue and research;(2) possibility of river basin institution establishing for river basin management;(3) AGREEMENT ON THE COOPERATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEKONG RIVER BASIN has being passed though as an institutional frame work;(4) to adjust the industrial structure with range of the riparian countries;(5) mutual benefits from individual superiority.At last, some problems for the river basin integrated development is draw up as following;(1) lack of the collection and exchange of the information for the correct realization;(2) limitation of the organization;(3) incapable institution;(4) unreasonable and lower lever of the industrial structure;(5) no compensation to the community which do better to the integrated benefit;(6) unsuitable approach.
Lancang- Mekong River,
integrated development of the river basin,
prospect and problem
陈丽晖,何大明. 澜沧江—湄公河流域整体开发的前景与问题研究[J]. 地理学报, 1999, 54(s1): 55-64.
Chen Lihui, He Darning. THE PROSPECT AND PROBLEM OF INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT IN LANCANG桵EKONG RIVER BASIN[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1999, 54(s1): 55-64.
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