地理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (4): 532-546.doi: 10.11821/xb201304008

• 旅游与聚落地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

都市圈旅游发展研究进展

陆林   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 旅游发展与规划研究中心, 芜湖 241002
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-17 修回日期:2013-03-16 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-06-20
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962- ), 男, 安徽芜湖人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110000078M)。主要从事人文地理教学与科研工作。E-mail: llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)

Research progress on tourism development in metropolitan areas

LU Lin   

  1. Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
  • Received:2012-04-17 Revised:2013-03-16 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-06-20
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41230631

摘要: 都市圈是国家经济社会发展的主要平台,21 世纪国际竞争的基本单元,同时亦是国家旅游创新发展的战略平台,汇聚了传统的旅游发展要素和新兴的旅游发展要素,旅游产业体系完备、规模庞大。都市圈旅游发展对国家和世界旅游发展具有明显的引领和示范作用。现有的都市圈旅游研究成果,主要集中在都市圈旅游发展背景研究、发展模式与战略研究、空间研究、合作与竞争研究以及旅游发展规划与政策研究等方面,对都市圈旅游发展作了有益的探索。但现有研究成果基于传统资源观研究较多,新范式研究探索较少;传统旅游发展要素研究较多,新兴旅游发展要素研究较少;单体城市旅游研究较多,都市圈有机体旅游研究较少;尚未形成统一的研究范式和体系,难以适应都市圈旅游发展的需要,有碍都市圈旅游发展规律的探索。研究认为,根据中国都市圈旅游发展实际,围绕中国都市圈旅游发展的科学问题,应该重点开展都市圈旅游发展的国际典型模式、中国都市圈旅游发展过程—结构—机制的理论体系和都市圈旅游发展的中国特色道路等领域的研究;加强都市圈旅游产业发展、文化创新、重大工程、重大节事的都市圈旅游发展效应、都市圈旅游发展的生态过程和都市圈旅游发展竞争与合作等专题研究。注重都市圈旅游发展研究的空间系统识别、研究数据采集和处理的科学性和可行性,建立都市圈旅游发展研究的多方法综合集成的方法体系。

关键词: 都市圈, 旅游发展, 进展, 评述, 展望

Abstract: Metropolitan areas, as the basic unit of international competition, are the main platform for the national economic and social development, as well as a national strategic platform for tourism development, including both traditional and emerging elements of tourism development. Metropolitan areas have complete tourism industry system on a large scale. Therefore, tourism development in metropolitan areas plays a significant role for the country and the world. Existing studies on tourism development in metropolitan areas are mainly focused on the development of metropolitan tourism background, development model and strategy, space research, cooperation and competition research, tourism development planning and policy research. However there are four deficiencies for the existing metropolitan area tourism research. Firstly, there have been relatively more studies based on the traditional resources concept than on a new paradigm. Secondly, there is more research on the traditional tourism development elements than on new elements. Thirdly, the tourism research of the single city is more than that on metropolitan areas organism tourism. Finally, previous studies have not formed a unified research paradigm and system. These deficiencies have negative effects on further exploration of the metropolitan tourism development principle. The result suggests that studies on metropolitan tourism should focus on scientific problems about the international typical model, construction of process-structure-mechanism and development of tourism with Chinese characteristics. Further studies should strengthen the project research on competition and cooperation, including the development of tourism industry, cultural innovation, important engineering and festival. More attention should be given to the identification of a spatial system, as well as scientificity and feasibility of data acquisition and processing. We should be committed to building a comprehensive and integrative method system for the research on development of metropolitan tourism.

Key words: metropolitan areas, tourism development, progress, review, prospect