地理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (4): 477-490.doi: 10.11821/xb201304004

• 产业与交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

厦门城市空间出行便利性及小汽车依赖度分析

王慧1,2, 黄玖菊1, 李永玲1, 阎欣1, 许旺土1,2   

  1. 1. 厦门大学建筑学院城市规划系, 厦门 361005;
    2. 厦门大学海峡两岸城市规划研究所, 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-21 修回日期:2013-01-29 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-06-20
  • 作者简介:王慧(1965- ), 女, 安徽巢湖人, 博士, 教授。从事城市地理、城乡规划、城市区域发展问题研究。E-mail: xmuwanghui@gmail.com; wanghui618@yahoo.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071101);北京大学-林肯研究院2011年度研究基金项目(FS-20110901);国家自然科学基金青年项目(51208445);厦门大学引进人才科研启动经费项目

Evaluating and mapping the walking accessibility, bus availability and car dependence in urban space:A case study of Xiamen, China

WANG Hui1,2, HUANG Jiuju1, LI Yongling1, YAN Xin1, XU Wangtu1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban Planning, Xiamen University;
    2. Cross-Straits Institute of Urban Planning at Xiamen University; Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China
  • Received:2012-08-21 Revised:2013-01-29 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-06-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41071101; Research Fellowship Project at Peking University-Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, No.FS-20110901; Youth Fund Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.51208445; Research Start-up Found Project for Introduced Talents at Xiamen University

摘要: 提升步行与公共交通、抑制单人驾乘小汽车交通,是城市交通绿色低碳化发展的主导原则,了解掌握城市各区段的步行、公交、以及小汽车交通状况是相关决策的前提。以厦门市为例,基于城市路网、公共服务、公共交通等方面大量数据资料,借助ArcGIS软件工具,从绿色交通视角出发,对城市空间的步行可达性、公共交通便利通达性、小汽车潜在依赖度的测度评定方法以及空间分布格局进行了探索分析。结果表明:步行可达性、公共交通便利通达性、以及小汽车潜在依赖度存在着明显的空间区段差异;步行可达性较差的街区往往也是公共交通便利通达性较差的街区,从而亦成为小汽车潜在依赖度较高的街区;厦门本岛老城区一带情况相对最好,而岛外广大新开发区域则情况堪虞,由于公共服务体系以及公共交通体系建设的不足与滞后,岛外新区极有可能形成高度依赖于小汽车交通的劣质交通结构。

关键词: 步行可达性, 公交便利性, 汽车依赖度, 厦门, 绿色交通

Abstract: For developing a sustainable and low-carbon-oriented "green transportation system", a major principle is to encourage walking, promote public transport, and reduce car dependence. However, as stated in existing literature, travel behavior and transportation choices are closely related to urban form and built environment. Therefore cities need to consider more than just road networks and vehicles while they attempt to solve transportation problems. It is necessary to examine the urban form and built environment that may force people to drive. For doing so, a city-wide evaluation of the walking accessibility, the availability of public transport, and the potential car dependence will be helpful. By taking the city of Xiamen, China, as a case study, based on a variety of data from different authorities, and with the aid of ArcGIS software, this presented study has attempted to conduct such a city-wide evaluation and has generated some useful information for both public transport and urban facility providers by illustrating the spatial patterns and indentifying the problematic areas. The empirical results show that: (1) there are distinct spatial disparities of walking accessibility, bus availability, and potential car dependence across the space of the city; (2) in general, the worst areas of walking accessibility are also the worst areas of bus availability, hence make the worst situation of car dependence as well; (3) the old central area of the city is comparatively in the best situation, while the vast newly developed areas outside the Xiamen Island are left behind as disadvantaged areas in terms of urban services and public transportation. The problems found in an individual city, such as the case study city, can also reveal some important features associated with wider dynamics in China's cities. Besides, the methodology developed in this research might also provide a kind of reference for other studies.

Key words: walking accessibility, bus availability, car dependence, green transportation