地理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (3): 307-317.doi: 10.11821/xb201303002

• 地貌 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国水土保持区划方案初步研究

赵岩1, 王治国2, 孙保平1, 张超2, 纪强1,2, 冯磊1, 赵乾坤2,3   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学水土保持与荒漠化防治教育部重点实验室, 北京 100083;
    2. 水利部水利水电规划设计总院, 北京 100120;
    3. 山东农业大学, 山东泰安 271018
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-05 修回日期:2012-12-26 出版日期:2013-03-20 发布日期:2013-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 王治国(1963-), 男, 山西人, 教授, 主要从事水土保持规划设计、矿山植被恢复等研究.E-mail: sunbp@163.com E-mail:sunbp@163.com
  • 作者简介:赵岩(1985-), 男, 山东临沂人, 博士生.主要从事水土保持规划、生态环境修复等研究.E-mail: zhaorock@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家林业公益性行业科研专项经费资助项目(201004018); 水利部科研项目

A primary study on scheme of soil and water conservation regionalization in China

ZHAO Yan1, WANG Zhiguo2, SUN Baoping1, ZHANG Chao2, JI Qiang1,2, FENG Lei1, ZHAO Qiankun2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Water Resources and Hydropower Planning and Design General Institute, MBR, Beijing 100120, China;
    3. Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong, China
  • Received:2012-12-05 Revised:2012-12-26 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-05-10
  • Supported by:

    National Forestry Public Welfare Industry Research of China, No.201004018; The Ministry of Water Resources Research Project

摘要: 水土保持区划是水土保持规划的基础,可为生态环境建设和区域管理与发展提供科学的依据.简要回顾了相关区划工作,明确了水土保持区划的概念,结合我国水土流失等生态环境特点,提出了水土保持区划原则、指标体系和命名规则;通过构建全国水土保持区划协作平台和数据上报系统,结合我国已有相关水土保持研究成果,采用自上而下与自下而上的演绎归纳途径和定性与定量相结合的方法,构建了我国水土保持区划初步方案,将全国划分为8个一级区,41 个二级区,117 个三级区.

关键词: 水土保持, 水土流失, 区划, 指标体系, 分类系统, 中国

Abstract: Regionalization of soil and water conservation is the basis for the planning of soil and water conservation in China. It can provide scientific basis for constructing healthy ecological environments and regional management and development. It makes a brief review of related regionalization of study and makes clear the concept of regionalization of soil and water conservation. In this paper, based on synthetical analysis of the characteristics of ecological environments of China, the principles, indices and nomenclature of the regionalization of soil and water conservation are proposed. Through the construction of the regionalization of soil and water conservation collaboration platform and data reporting system, combined with the existing soil and water conservation research, this paper uses the top-down and bottom-up and the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to build soil and water conservation regionalization preliminary scheme, with 8 regions, 41 subregions and 117 sections divided across the country.

Key words: soil and water conservation, soil and water loss, regionalization, indices system, classification, China