地理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (2): 209-218.doi: 10.11821/xb201302006

• 城乡发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

句法视角下广州传统村落空间形态及认知研究

陶伟1,2, 陈红叶3, 林杰勇3   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院, 广州 510631;
    2. 华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心, 广州 510631;
    3. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-27 修回日期:2012-12-20 出版日期:2013-02-20 发布日期:2013-03-25
  • 作者简介:陶伟(1971-), 女, 河南人, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110004376M), 英国伯明翰大学荣誉研究员, 主要研究方向为城市形态理论与方法、城市旅游与遗产保护.E-mail: muyang426@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41271178; 40971096; 41171125)

Spatial form and spatial cognition of traditional village in syntactical view: A case study of Xiaozhou Village, Guangzhou

TAO Wei1,2, CHEN Hongye3, LIN Jieyong3   

  1. 1. Department of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2. Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography Research Center, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    3. Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2012-03-27 Revised:2012-12-20 Online:2013-02-20 Published:2013-03-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundationof China, No.41271178; No.40971096; No.41171125

摘要: 本研究在句法视角下,选择广州小洲村为案例地,以轴线图结合意象图的分析方法,探讨村落空间形态与不同使用者空间认知的关系,得出以下结论:① 空间组构中具有高数值的某些变量,可被认为是地标性的显著空间元素,在使用者认知图表中扮演着重要的角色,其连续性极大地影响了空间认知;② 不同使用者的空间认知模式存在差异,本地居民能够更加容易认知村落深层次的空间格局;③ 城市化改变了传统村落具有的防御性及内聚性的原本形态特征,空间集聚中心由内部转向边缘,这是导致本地居民与其他使用者认知差异的重要原因.本研究为快速城市化进程中传统村落的发展与规划提供了重要启示,也是一种以新方法研究传统村落空间形态及空间认知的尝试.

关键词: 空间句法, 空间认知, 传统村落, 小洲村, 广州

Abstract: The spatial form of traditional villages take shape under the environment and long-time historic accumulation, and the rapid urbanization has changed their patterns of space as well as injected new functionalities into villages. To develop a traditional village in a reasonable way, it is significant for planners to well understand the object itself. Space syntax is a term that is used to describe theories and techniques concerning the relationship between space and society. And spatial cognition research focuses on the acquisition, organization, utilization, and revision of knowledge about spatial environments. They have areas overlapped. Space syntax theory offers a more objective and efficient image research method on spatial cognition. Studies linking space syntax with cognitive science claimed that the spatial configuration affects users' activities through spatial cognition and subsequent movement behavior, such, we can understand our cognition by studying space. There relatively few studies on traditional villages. This paper interprets spatial cognition in a traditional village in syntactical view, taking Guangzhou's Xiaozhou Village as a typical case, to discuss how village's spatial form affect the spatial cognition of its users. Research method of space syntax analysis linking mental map is applied. Main results can be obtained as follows. Some characters of configuration which have higher value, can be considered as salient elements such as landmarks, and play a more significant role on spatial cognition; Differences exist in users' cognitive modes, locals can easily recognize the ancient grid while others cannot, rapid urbanization has changed the original spatial form of the traditional village, which is defensive and intrinsic, spatial aggregation center has turned from inner to the edge of the village, and this kind of change is one of the key factors that lead to cognitive differences among locals and other users. The paper also introduces a new method and view for the traditional village spatial form and spatial cognition research, as well as provides enlightenment for village's further development and plan.

Key words: space syntax, space cognition, traditional village, Xiaozhou Village, Guangzhou