地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (12): 1675-1685.doi: 10.11821/xb201212009

• 旅游与文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城镇书法景观空间分异及其地方意义——以城镇商业街区为例

张捷1, 张宏磊1, 唐文跃1,2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210093;
    2. 江西财经大学旅游与城市管理学院, 南昌 330013
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-03 修回日期:2012-09-10 出版日期:2012-12-20 发布日期:2012-12-20
  • 作者简介:张捷(1960-),男,泰兴人,博士,教授,博导,中国地理学会会员(S110001858M),近年主要从事旅游地理/书法景观和喀斯特研究。E-mail:jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40871072)

Spatial Differentiation and Place Identity of Chinese Calligraphic Landscape

ZHANG Jie1, ZHONG Honglei1, TANG Wenyue1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013,China
  • Received:2012-03-03 Revised:2012-09-10 Online:2012-12-20 Published:2012-12-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40871072

摘要: 书法景观作为文化符号是中国传统文化景观的典型代表,是城镇文化景观的重要组成部分,其空间分布特征及其在全球化城市景观更新背景下的演化特征规律,是文化地理研究的重要问题。通过设计书法景观指数对北京、江苏、安徽、香港、四川等19个案例地典型地段的12种案例类型的书法景观调查统计,揭示了中国城镇书法景观存在多种明显的空间分异现象,即书法景观的空间分异存在于不同属性的城镇之间、城镇内部不同文化和功能属性的街区之间、以及同一街区的核心区与外围区之间。本文分析了影响中国城镇书法景观空间分异的基本因素—现代化和全球化、文化认同、城市更新、商业驱动,并构建了一个相应的机制模型。研究表明,中国人潜意识地将书法作为一种传统景观标志和传统文化象征符号,使得书法景观具备了空间地方界定和定义的功能,并促成了城镇中文化象征空间和地方感的形成以及书法景观的空间分异。书法景观研究对全球化和城市化过程中我国传统文化景观的保护具有一定的现实意义。

关键词: 书法景观, 空间分异, 文化符号, 象征空间, 书法景观指数, 地方

Abstract: Calligraphic landscape was defined as a portion of geographical space with a specific visual characteristics and special sense of place resulting from the laying-out of the assemblies of calligraphy as landscape elements. As Chinese calligraphy is at the center of the core of Chinese culture, calligraphic landscape was the typical traditional Chinese culture landscape and an important part of urban cultural landscape. On the basis of different characters of calligraphic landscape, this paper developed an index of calligraphic landscape to measure the spatial differentiation of calligraphic landscape. 19 surveys of calligraphic landscape were done to detect the spatial differentiation. Survey areas included cities and towns in regions such as Beijing, Sichuan, Jiangsu and Hong Kong. The statistical results of calligraphic landscape showed an obvious spatial differentiation phenomenon. Spatial differentiation not only existed among the cities and towns with different cultural attributes and functional attributes, but also existed between the peripheral zone and the core zone within the same cultural or business block. The important factor affecting this spatial differentiation of calligraphic landscape was subconscious cognitive and cultural identity to calligraphy of shopkeepers. The spatial agglomeration of different shops forced by the pursuit of the agglomeration benefits was another important factor. The fact that Chinese people consider calligraphy as a symbol of landscape and culture in subconsciousness have made calligraphic landscape have functions of space delineation and definition, which may contribute to the formation of cultural symbolic space of cities and towns. Research of calligraphic landscape has practical meanings to the protection of traditional Chinese cultural landscape in the process of globalization and urbanization.

Key words: calligraphic landscape, spatial differentiation, symbolic space, place, city