地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (3): 410-419.doi: 10.11821/xb201203012

• 水文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国水资源对区域社会经济发展的支撑能力

李九一, 李丽娟   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-09 修回日期:2011-10-25 出版日期:2012-03-20 发布日期:2012-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 李丽娟(1961-), 女, 博士, 研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110001619M), 主要从事水文水资源研究。E-mail: lilj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑重大项目(2008BAH31B01); 国家自然科学基金项目(41171032)

Water Resources Supporting Capacity to Regional Socio-economic Development of China

LI Jiuyi, LI Lijuan   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-09-09 Revised:2011-10-25 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2012-03-20
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of the National 11th Five-Year Research Program of China, No.2008BAH31B01; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171032

摘要: 综合考虑区域自产水和上游来水条件,构建了水资源支撑指数(WSPI),定量描述区域水资源短缺程度,表征水资源条件对区域社会经济发展的支撑能力。通过构建全国评价模型,计算了210 个水资源三级区以及省、县两级行政单元的WSPI。据此划分了水资源支撑能力等级,探讨了我国水资源支撑能力空间格局,分析了其与人口、GDP指标的关系,着重讨论了缺水区域空间分布及其缺水机理的差异性。该方法评价结果与我国实际水资源短缺问题基本一致,表现了较强的适用性,可以为水资源政策制定以及社会经济发展规划等宏观决策提供科学支撑。

关键词: 水资源, 区域社会经济发展, 水资源短缺, 水资源支撑指数, WSPI, 水资源支撑能力

Abstract: An indicator called Water Supporting Index (WSPI) was built to measure the degree of water scarcity, which considered water resources and water withdrawal of both local and upstream areas. An evaluation model was established to calculate WSPI of 210 sub-basins and also in province scale and county scale. Water resources supporting capacity classes to regional socio-economic development was divided by WSPI. The spatial status of the capacity classes and its relationship with population and Gross Domestic Product were analyzed. Furthermore, the differences in regions suffering water scarcity were discussed. The result of WSPI was very similar to the actual water scarcity situation of China. Therefore, WSPI can be used in water resources management and socio-economic development decision-making.

Key words: water resources, regional socio-economic development, water scarcity, Water Supporting Index, WSPI, water resources supporting capacity