地理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (2): 157-168.doi: 10.11821/xb201202002

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

塔里木河流域绿洲城镇发展与水土资源效益分析

杨宇1,2, 刘毅1, 金凤君1, 董雯3, 李莉1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039;
    3. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830011
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-02 修回日期:2011-10-24 出版日期:2012-02-20 发布日期:2012-04-16
  • 通讯作者: 刘毅(1957-), 男, 北京市人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110004308M), 研究方向为经济地理和区域可持续发展。E-mail: liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划“西部博士资助”项目(XBBS200805); 国家自然科学基金项目(40901092)

Spatio-temporal Analysis of Urbanization and Land and Water Resources Efficiency of Oasis Cities in Tarim River Basin

YANG Yu1,2, LIU Yi1, JIN Fengjun1, DONG Wen3, LI Li1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi, 830011, China
  • Received:2011-04-02 Revised:2011-10-24 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-04-16
  • Supported by:
    CASWestern Light Program, No.XBBS200805; National Natural Science Foundationof China, No.40901092

摘要: 通过Global Moran's I 指数和Getis-Ord Gi*指数并构建协调发展度模型对塔里木河流域绿洲城镇1995、2000、2005 和2008 年4 个时间点的城镇化水平、土地资源效益和水资源效益的集聚扩散状态及其冷热点空间格局演化与空间联动效应进行分析,得出结论:受塔河流域绿洲分布、气候条件及城镇发展基础等多种因素影响,城镇化和水土资源效益空间格局表现出不尽相同的状态。① 塔河流域城镇化与水土资源效益的集聚扩散状态不一致,城镇发展与自然条件相互作用的时间和力度不同决定了三者空间差异的必然性。② 受城镇化所处阶段、城镇职能与主导产业的影响,各县市水土资源开发的时序不同,城镇化和水土资源效益各自的热点演化格局明显不同,区域联动效应差异显著。③ 城镇化与水土资源效益冷热点区域的数量结构迥异。城镇不平衡发展仍然是主导趋势,土地资源效益滞后于城镇发展,水资源效益敏感性较强。④ 塔河流域范围广,自然条件复杂,各二级流域城镇化与水土资源效益的差异性显著。⑤ 城镇化与水土资源效益协调发展度的类型主要为发展水平低和较低两种,协调发展度的空间格局相比其冷热点区域的空间格局更具稳定性,三者差异显著是协调发展度低的重要原因。

关键词: ESDA, 塔里木河流域, 绿洲城镇, 水土资源效益, 时空格局

Abstract: This paper examines the spatial pattern of land and water resources as well as urbanization and their interactions in the Tarim River Basin, Xinjiang, China. In order to do so, we extract the data associated with efficiency of land and water resources and urbanization for the years of 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2008. Specifically the paper investigates the extent to which agglomeration of population and economic activities varies geographically and interplays with spatial pattern of resources efficiency through computation of global Moran's I index, Getis-Ord Gi* index and a coordinated development model. The method used provides clear evidence that urbanization, land and water resources efficiency have shown an uneven spatial pattern due to oasis distribution, climate, and initial phase of urban development. Some conclusions can be drawn as follows. (1) Agglomeration and dispersion of urbanization are not consistent with those of land and water resources efficiency. (2) Evolution of the hot and cold spots of urbanization, and land and water resources efficiency, in different trajectories, indicate that there are no significant interactions between them. (3) The evidence that numbers of hot and cold spots of the three factors present varying structures reveals the dominance of unequal urban development in the study area. (4) Significant differences are also found between sub-river basins in terms of the three factors, which is a reflection of the complex physical geography of the area. (5) The degree of development coordination of cities in the Tarim River Basin is generally low in part as a reflection of difference in spatial patterns of the three factors. It is also shown that the pattern of the degree of coordination development is relatively stable compared with evolution of hot and cold spots of the three factors.

Key words: ESDA, Tarim River Basin, oasis cities, land and water resources efficiency, spatio-temporal variation