地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (12): 1587-1596.doi: 10.11821/xb201112001

• 理论与方法研究 •    下一篇

人文地理学科学化的总体目标与实现路径

陆玉麒   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-19 修回日期:2011-08-11 出版日期:2011-12-20 发布日期:2012-01-19
  • 作者简介:陆玉麒(1963- ), 男, 江苏省张家港人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110002374M), 主要从事空间结构与区域发展研究.E-mail: luyuqi@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071084)

The Major Objectives and Implementation Methods for Human Geography toward the Tendency of Physical Science

LU Yuqi   

  1. College of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2011-07-19 Revised:2011-08-11 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2012-01-19
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41071084

摘要: 当代人文地理学的发展呈现出多元化的发展态势,但无论如何,科学化应是人文地理学的基调,是中国人文地理学未来发展的基本选择和必由之路.无论是学科属性还是我国经济社会建设需求,人文地理学科学化不仅不是一个被动的目标而应该成为我们的主动追求.其基本目标有2 个:一是构建一个相对完整的区域空间结构理论体系,需要进一步发现新的区域空间结构模式、构建中心地等级体系演化模型,以及从类型学和发生学2 个角度梳理不同空间结构模式之间的内在逻辑关系等;二是构建一套相对成型的空间分析方法.将区域分为均质区域和功能区域,并进一步分解为点状、线状和面状3 大要素,寻找处理这3 大要素各自及相互之间内在空间耦合的表达技术,成为本文展开人文地理学空间分析理论框架的基本思路.其中,可达性分析技术的拓展、计量经济模型与空间分析技术的融合、综合性时空谱系空间分析方法体系的构建、依赖于空间概念拓展的新的空间分析技术的出现等,则是未来人文地理学空间分析的重要领域.为实现上述目标,需要树立科学的思维方式、融合资源环境基础、基于发生学视角的历史过程的长时段分析,以及充分利用现代分析技术等.

关键词: 人文地理学, 科学化, 区域空间结构, 空间分析方法, 长时段过程分析

Abstract: The development of contemporary human geography shows a diverse tendency. Physical science should be the base of human geography, and the tendency of physical science will be the unavoidable choice and unique way for future development of human geography in China. According to the disciplinary property of human geography and the need of Chinese economic social development, the tendency of physical science should not be a passive target but an initiative pursuit. There are two elementary goals. One is building a relatively complete theory system of regional spatial structure. It is necessary to discover new regional spatial structure patterns, construct evolution model of the central place system and find the internal logical relationship among different structure patterns from the perspective of typology and phylogeny. The other is constructing relatively complete methods of spatial analysis. The region can be divided into homogeneous region and functional region, and furthermore be decomposed into three fundamental elements: point, line, and area. The theoretical framework of spatial analysis for human geography in this article is constructed by the technologies to explore and express the spatial coupling inter- and intra-elements. Expanding the accessibility analysis technology, integration of economic models and spatial analysis technologies, construction of the comprehensive system of spatial-temporal spectrum spatial analysis, and discovery of new spatial analysis technologies based on the extension of space concepts, should be the significant fields of spatial analysis for human geography in the future. To achieve these goals, we should establish scientific thinking patterns, integrate resource and environment basis, improve the long period analysis of historical process from the perspective of phylogeny and fully use modern technology such as mathematical model and GIS technology.

Key words: human geography, scientific, regional spatial structure, spatial analysis technology, long-time process analysis