地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (10): 1427-1437.doi: 10.11821/xb201110012

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠江三角洲城市群旅游空间格局演化

陈浩1,2, 陆林1, 郑嬗婷3   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院安徽师范大学旅游发展与规划研究中心, 芜湖 241003;
    2. 安徽农业大学经济管理学院旅游管理系, 合肥 230036;
    3. 合肥学院旅游系, 合肥 230601
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-19 修回日期:2011-08-10 出版日期:2011-10-20 发布日期:2011-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 陆林, 安徽芜湖人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110000078M)。E-mail: llin@263.net E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 作者简介:陈浩(1972-), 男, 安徽霍邱人, 博士, 研究方向为旅游管理。E-mail: chenhao0508@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771059)

The Tourism Spatial Pattern Evolution of the Pearl River Delta

CHEN Hao1,2, LU Lin1, ZHENG Shanting3   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, China;
    2. Tourism Management Department, Anhui Agriculture University, Hefei 230036, China;
    3. Tourism Department, Hefei University, Hefei 230601, China
  • Received:2011-04-19 Revised:2011-08-10 Online:2011-10-20 Published:2011-11-27
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771059

摘要: 旅游地发展演化的研究可以理清旅游地发展的脉络,寻求旅游地发展的内在规律。文章重点分析了改革开放以来珠江三角洲城市群旅游空间格局的演化过程,选取1980、1987、 1999、2008 年4 个时间断面,选取节点发展和交通连接两项指标加以体现城市群旅游空间发展演化过程,以各城市旅游业发展的业绩反映城市节点的发展演化,以城市群各城市之间的公路交通连接反映城市之间连接的演化。通过构建旅游业发展业绩模型,反映城市旅游节点的发展状况,通过公路交通可达性、公路交通运量的演化反映珠三角区域的城际公路交通连接的演化。认为改革开放以来珠三角城市群区域旅游空间格局发生了巨大变化,最主要体现在从以广州为中心的单极格局转化为以广州、深圳为中心的两级格局,珠三角各城市旅游业均取得了高速发展,城际公路交通连接效率和总体运行能力大大提高。但珠三角区域旅游发展的空间布局存在不平衡性,珠江口东西两岸存在较大差异,随着港澳珠跨海大桥的修建及以广州为中心的城际轨道交通的建成,珠三角城市群旅游空间格局将发生革命性变化,区域空间网络体系将更加完善。

关键词: 城市群, 旅游空间格局, 演化, 珠江三角洲

Abstract: Evolution of tourism can sort out the context of tourism development, and search a certain regularity of tourism development. The article focuses on the evolution of tourism destinations in the Pearl River Delta since the reform and opening up started in the late 1970s. The paper, taking 1980, 1987, 1999 and 2008 as the four time sections, uses two indexes of the node development and traffic connection to examine the urban agglomeration tourism spatial evolution, and the urban tourism development to reflect the evolution of city node, and the road traffic between cities to reflect the evolution of cities connected. The development of urban tourism nodes are reflected by building models of performance indicators, and the inter-city road transport links of region are reflected by road transport accessibility and the road transport traffic. The article points out that the tourism spatial pattern of the Pearl River Delta has undergone tremendous changes since the early 1980s. The most important reflection is the Guangzhou-centered unipolar world into Guangzhou and Shenzhen as the two centers of the Pearl River Delta. The cities of the Pearl River Delta have witnessed a rapid development of tourism industry, inter-city road transport links and overall operating efficiency, but the development is spatially unbalanced, and there is a big difference between the east and west sides of the Pearl River estuary. With the construction of the bridge linking Hong Kong, Macao, and Zhuhai, as well as the building of inter-city rail transit, the tourism spatial pattern of the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration will bring a revolutionary change in spatial patterns, and the regional space network system will be more perfect.

Key words: urban agglomerations, tourism spatial pattern, evolution, the Pearl River Delta